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What is "Buckram" - Definition & Explanation

A coarse cotton, hemp or linen cloth stiffened with glue or a glue-like substance used to provide support. Nowadays, some buckrams are made of synthetic materials as well. In draperies, buckram can be found with an iron-on adhesive side to facilitate placement.
Ply yarn scrim fabric with a stiff finish for use as apparel interlining or interfacing. Also used in millinery because it can be easily shaped by moistening.
Made from cotton, linen, and synthetics in a plain, cheap, low-textured, loose weave that is heavily sized and stiff. Also, two fabrics are glued together. One is an open weave and the other much finer. Buckram is also made in linen in a single fabric. Buckram is also called crinoline book muslin or book binding. Named from Bokhara in Southern Russia, where it was first made. It softens with heat and can be shaped while warm
A stiff, open weave, coarse fabric often used as an interlining to give a garment shape. Also used in hats, bookbinding.
Buckram is a stiff cloth, made of cotton or linen, which is used to cover, and protect, a book, and although is more expensive than its look-a-like, Brella, is stronger and resistant to cockroaches eating it. Buckram can also be used to stiffen clothes.
Coarse woven fabric, stiffened with glue, used to stabilize fabric for stitching. Commonly used in caps to hold the front panel erect.
A heavy weave of binding cloth.
A stiff-finished heavily sized fabric of cotton or linen used for interlinings in garments, for stiffening in millinery, and in bookbinding. Softens with heat. Can be shaped while warm. Name from Bokhara in Southern Russia, where it was first made. Also called crinoline book muslin or book binding.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Abrasion test for fabric.. Fabric is pulled taut and rubbed in both the warp and filling directions, using a piece of cotton duck fabric as the abradant. The number of cycles, or double rubs, endured...
The process of applying dyes to fibres, yarns, fabrics or garments. The type of dye, method used and liquor ratio (i.e. The amount of water used relative to the amount of fabric) has a huge influence...
Yarns created from various petrochemical technologies. Includes nylon, polyester, Dacron, orlon, lycra and the like. Used in the manufacture of menís undergarments in the second half of the 20th...
Basic internal structure or skeleton of an upholstered piece. Kiln-dried hardwood is best for durability in wooden frames, but often engineered wood products are used. Metals are also used in marine...
A linen woven with even threads that are especially good for embroidery. It is very easy to 'draw' the yarns for drawn thread work. Comes bleached, or colored. Has a soft finish. Has been use for...

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