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What is "Burn out" - Definition & Explanation

A brocade-like pattern effect created on the fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. (Sulfuric acid, mixed into a colorless print paste, is the most common chemical used.) Many simulated eyelet effects can be created using this method. In these instances, the chemical destroys the fiber and creates a hole in the fabric in a specific design, where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric. The fabric is then over-printed with a simulated embroidery stitch to create the eyelet effect. However, burn-out effects can also be created on velvets made of blended fibers, in which the ground fabric is of one fiber like a polyester, and the pile may be of a cellulosic fiber like rayon or acetate. In this case, when the chemical is printed in a certain pattern, it destroys the pile in those areas where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric, but leave the ground fabric unharmed.
A fabric made of 2 fibers then printed with a chemical that dissolves one of the fibers thus creating a design. Often done on velvet.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A general classification of strong, firm, closely woven fabrics usually made with cotton. A heavier, open weave comprised of plied yarns (a number of single yarns, usually three, twisted together)....
Plain-weave, medium- or light-weight fabrics. Can beeither carded orcombed cotton or cotton blend yarns.Usually woven on a boxloom. Coloredand white yarnsor multicolored yarns form the pattern....
Decorative strip above window: a narrow piece of fabric or board attached above a window for decoration and to hide the curtain rod. Early 20th century. Probably alteration of French palmette...
A method of printing resulting in short fibers, rather than color, being applied in a design to the surface of the fabric. The fabric may be printed with an adhesive and the fiber dusted onto it, or...
Single textile material with addition of an extra warp of filling added for weight and warmth. The extra warp or filling ma is of wool, worsted, cotton, or other yarns. This type of construction is...

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