TextileGlossary.com

What is "Buttonhole" - Definition & Explanation

(straight) - Formed by two pairs of straight, parallel rows of zigzag stitching, followed by a single, straight knife cut. Each end of the row of stitching is secured by a bartack.
(eyelet) - Formed by a contoured patch of zig-zag stitching, followed by a cut---a portion of which is circular. Eyelet buttonholes are usually used on heavy fabrics and/or with large buttons. A gimp or cord is usually contained within the stitches to provide a reinforcement along the edge of the hole.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

cotton, linen, nylon. Plain weave, some made with a crosswise rib. A strong canvas or duck. The weights vary, but most often the count is around 148 x 60. Able to withstand the elements (rain, wind...
A wool fabric made in France from the wool of Pyrenees’ flocks of sheep. The Pyrenees are a mountain chain between France and Spain. The fabric is well known because it is a high quality fabric which...
A lightweight textile with a low thread count that is lustrous and has an uneven textural appearance. It was originally made of silk but is found today in wool, silk, rayon, acetate and other...
a manufactured fiber in which the fiber-form substance is cellulose acetate (FTC definition). Acetate fabrics are fast-drying, wrinkle and shrinkage resistant, crisp or soft in hand depending upon...
A yarn composed of two or more single yarns twisted together. Many two-ply yarns are used in carpet. In cut-pile carpet, eg, saxony, plied yarns must be heat-set to prevent untwisting under traffic....

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