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What is "Buttonhole" - Definition & Explanation

(straight) - Formed by two pairs of straight, parallel rows of zigzag stitching, followed by a single, straight knife cut. Each end of the row of stitching is secured by a bartack.
(eyelet) - Formed by a contoured patch of zig-zag stitching, followed by a cut---a portion of which is circular. Eyelet buttonholes are usually used on heavy fabrics and/or with large buttons. A gimp or cord is usually contained within the stitches to provide a reinforcement along the edge of the hole.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A knitting method that creates a fine textured surface that appears similar to a birdsnest or waffle weave. Plackets (Slits in Apparel Forming a Closure) A small boxed area at the bottom of where the...
Oil from the linen (flax) plant's seeds. Used as a finish, often "Boiled" (containing metallic driers) or "Raw" (natural). Also used as a component in most oil-based varnishes, including polyurethane...
A strong, firm, tightly woven, durable fabric usually of cotton but sometimes of linen, hemp or other fibers. It is usually plain weave but sometimes with a crosswise rib. It is produced in a variety...
Denotes the spacing of ends or picks, or both, and is expressed as the number of threads per centimetre. NOTE: The state of the fabric at the time should be described, e.g. loom, grey,...
A numerical designation of yarn size indicating the relationship of length to weight. The number of warp yarns (ends) and filling yarns (picks) per inch in a woven fabric, or the number of wales...

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