TextileGlossary.com

What is "Carding" - Definition & Explanation

The disentanglement, cleaning and intermixing of fibres to produce a continuous web or sliver suitable for subsequent processing. This is achieved by passing the fibres between moving pins, wires or teeth.
A process of cleaning fibers by separating and laying them parallel to each other.
A process which eliminates fibers too short for inclusion in the spun yarn. The process also removes dirt and foreign matter still remaining in the fiber mass, and arranges the fibers into a very thin layer.
Carding is the processing of brushing raw or washed fibers to prepare them as textiles.
A process of opening and cleaning textile fibers-usually cotton – which separates fibers from each other, lays them parallel, forms them into a thin web, and then condenses them into a single continuous untwisted strand or bundle of fibers called a “silver”.
The final cleaning process, accomplished by either hand or machine, through which alpaca fiber goes before spinning.
The step after blending in the staple spinning process which combs out the loose fibers and arranges them in orderly strands called sliver. Sliver is drawn and blended, then twisted and further drawn into yarns.
The conversion of a tangled or matted mass of fibres into a uniform filmy web. Usually achieved by passing the fibres between two closely spaced surfaces covered with sharp points.
A process that straightens natural fibers so they can be spun.
The process of separating and cleaning cotton FIBERS to prepare them for Spinning.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Two series of pairs of chips that show increasing contrast within pairs, and are used visually for comparing the differences in colour of textile specimens or the degrees of staining of transfer...
A manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose. Lyocell has a similar hand and drape as rayon, but is stronger, more durable, and in many cases machine washable. It has a subtle luster and is...
A yarn composed of two or more single yarns twisted together. Many two-ply yarns are used in carpet. In cut-pile carpet, eg, saxony, plied yarns must be heat-set to prevent untwisting under traffic....
A cotton, wool, and even synthetic fabric of a sateen or twill construction with extra fillings for long floats. Thankfully, it does not resemble true chinchilla fur. It has small nubs on the surface...
A heavy conventional twill-weave coating with a spongy napped surface that is rolled into little tufts or nubs to resemble chinchilla fur. Usually made from woold or wool cotton blends in coating...

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