TextileGlossary.com

What is "Carding" - Definition & Explanation

The disentanglement, cleaning and intermixing of fibres to produce a continuous web or sliver suitable for subsequent processing. This is achieved by passing the fibres between moving pins, wires or teeth.
A process of cleaning fibers by separating and laying them parallel to each other.
A process which eliminates fibers too short for inclusion in the spun yarn. The process also removes dirt and foreign matter still remaining in the fiber mass, and arranges the fibers into a very thin layer.
Carding is the processing of brushing raw or washed fibers to prepare them as textiles.
A process of opening and cleaning textile fibers-usually cotton – which separates fibers from each other, lays them parallel, forms them into a thin web, and then condenses them into a single continuous untwisted strand or bundle of fibers called a “silver”.
The final cleaning process, accomplished by either hand or machine, through which alpaca fiber goes before spinning.
The step after blending in the staple spinning process which combs out the loose fibers and arranges them in orderly strands called sliver. Sliver is drawn and blended, then twisted and further drawn into yarns.
The conversion of a tangled or matted mass of fibres into a uniform filmy web. Usually achieved by passing the fibres between two closely spaced surfaces covered with sharp points.
A process that straightens natural fibers so they can be spun.
The process of separating and cleaning cotton FIBERS to prepare them for Spinning.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A measurement used to evaluate the effectiveness of an insulated product in relation to weather conditions and the environment. The insulation with the best rating is down. Down provides the best...
Woven and non-woven material used underneath the item or fabric being embroidered to provide support and stability. Can be hooped with the item, or placed between the machine throat plate and the...
Sulfur dyes are the biggest volume dyes manufactured for cotton. They are cheap, generally have good wash-fastness and are easy to apply. The dyes are absorbed by cotton from a bath containing...
Fiber reactive dyes are dyes used to color cellulosic and protein fibers such as cotton, rayon and soy. The dyestuff bonds to the fibers through a chemical reaction and does not require the use of...
A floral or scenic design usually printed on cotton or linen. Originally printed in Jouy, France, the fabrics were printed in single colours from engraved copper plates. The designs were...

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