TextileGlossary.com

What is "Carding" - Definition & Explanation

The disentanglement, cleaning and intermixing of fibres to produce a continuous web or sliver suitable for subsequent processing. This is achieved by passing the fibres between moving pins, wires or teeth.
A process of cleaning fibers by separating and laying them parallel to each other.
A process which eliminates fibers too short for inclusion in the spun yarn. The process also removes dirt and foreign matter still remaining in the fiber mass, and arranges the fibers into a very thin layer.
Carding is the processing of brushing raw or washed fibers to prepare them as textiles.
A process of opening and cleaning textile fibers-usually cotton – which separates fibers from each other, lays them parallel, forms them into a thin web, and then condenses them into a single continuous untwisted strand or bundle of fibers called a “silver”.
The final cleaning process, accomplished by either hand or machine, through which alpaca fiber goes before spinning.
The step after blending in the staple spinning process which combs out the loose fibers and arranges them in orderly strands called sliver. Sliver is drawn and blended, then twisted and further drawn into yarns.
The conversion of a tangled or matted mass of fibres into a uniform filmy web. Usually achieved by passing the fibres between two closely spaced surfaces covered with sharp points.
A process that straightens natural fibers so they can be spun.
The process of separating and cleaning cotton FIBERS to prepare them for Spinning.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A plain tightly woven cotton fabric with the fine yarns and processed with a glazed finish. Used as a plain dyed fabric or a printed fabric. The term is sometimes used for ungazed fine count cottons....
Linters are the short fibers left on the cotton seed after the longer fibers have been removed. Although the fibers are too short for spinning or cloth making, they are useful in paper pulp. The...
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences) is a class of materials that are continuous filaments or are in discrete elongated pieces, similar to pieces of thread. Fibers are often used in the...
Coarse, canvas-like fabric usually made of jute, but can be made of hemp, or cotton. Sometimes called gunny. Used primarily for bale coverings and sacks and bags. Also used in furniture, drapery,...
Intarsia is a knitting technique used to create patterns with multiple colours. As with the woodworking technique of the same name, fields of different colours and materials appear to be inlaid in...

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