What is "Crinoline" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 29-Mar-2023 (8 months, 13 days ago)
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Unfurling Crinoline: The Fabric that Shaped a Century of Fashion

Crinoline in Textiles: A Historical and Practical Perspective

Crinoline, a historically significant textile, has played a pivotal role in the evolution of fashion, particularly women's wear. Emerging in the 19th century, it initially referred to a stiff fabric made from horsehair ("crin" in French) and cotton or linen. Later, the term 'Crinoline' became synonymous with the rigid, cage-like structure worn under skirts to give them a voluminous, bell-shaped silhouette.

Types of Crinoline

  • Crinoline Fabric: A stiffened or structured fabric used in millinery and dressmaking, usually made from horsehair and cotton or linen.
  • Crinoline Cage: A petticoat made from steel or whalebone, designed to hold out a woman's skirt in the mid-19th century.
  • Crinoline Petticoat: A softer, full petticoat made from layers of fabric, often used in bridal gowns and formal wear.

Handling Crinoline

  • Storing: Crinoline should be stored flat or hung to maintain its shape. Do not fold crinoline, as it can cause permanent creases.
  • Washing: Crinoline should ideally be spot-cleaned. If necessary, it can be hand-washed and air-dried.
  • Shaping: You can steam crinoline to remove wrinkles or to restore its shape.

Key International Manufacturers and Users

  • David's Bridal, Inc.: A bridal gown company known for its extensive collection of bridal and special occasion outfits, many of which utilize crinoline petticoats.
  • Morilee, LLC: An internationally recognized bridal wear company that utilizes crinoline in its luxurious and whimsical bridal designs.
  • Judith M Millinery Supply House: This company offers a range of millinery supplies including crinoline fabric for hat-making.
  • Vera Wang Group: A well-known luxury fashion brand that uses crinoline in the creation of voluminous wedding and evening gowns.
  • RH Macy & Co: The company operates Macy's department stores, which sells numerous crinoline-containing garments and accessories.

Applications of Crinoline

  • Bridal Gowns: Crinoline petticoats are widely used in bridal gowns to create a fuller silhouette.
  • Evening Wear: Crinoline can add volume and dramatic flair to ball gowns and formal dresses.
  • Hat Making: Crinoline fabric is often used in millinery to create structured, decorative elements.
  • Historical Costumes: Crinoline cages are essential in recreating historical costumes from the mid-19th century.

In conclusion, Crinoline has been an integral part of textile history, particularly in shaping fashion trends and styles. While its use has evolved over time, the material remains highly sought after in various applications, ranging from bridal wear to millinery, underlining its timeless appeal.

A lightweight, plain weave, stiffened fabric with a low yarn count (few yarns to the inch in each direction). Used as a foundation to support the edge of a hem or puffed sleeve.
A lightweight, plain weave, stiffened fabric with a low yarn count (few yarns to the inch in each direction).
Crinoline was originally a stiff fabric with a weft of horse-hair and a warp of cotton or linen thread. The fabric first appeared around 1830.
A stiff, open weave fabric, usually heavily sized. Used mainly as lining or interlining.
A very loosely woven fiber with high rigidity. It is smooth, stiff, and has excellent strength. It's comes in a variety of shades from white to black.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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Roving 561
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Taffeta 147
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