TextileGlossary.com

What is "Crocking" - Definition & Explanation

The tendency for a fabric dye to rub off. This can occur wet or dry.
The tendency of excess dyes to rub off. Napped and pile fabrics in deep colors are most likely to crock. Industry has set standards and tests to measure and prevent crocking.
The rubbing-off of dye from a fabric. Crocking can be the result of lack of penetration of the dyeing agent, the use of incorrect dyes or dyeing procedures, or the lack of proper washing procedures and finishing treatments after the dyeing process.
Rubbing off of color from woven or printed fabrics.
The removal of dye from a fabric by rubbing. Crocking can be caused by insufficient dye penetration or fixation, the use of improper dyes or dyeing methods, or insufficient washing and treatment after the dyeing operation. Crocking can occur under dry or wet conditions.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose. Lyocell has a similar hand and drape as rayon, but is stronger, more durable, and in many cases machine washable. It has a subtle luster and is...
Solvent for shellac products, will not thin most other coatings. Can be dissolved in water for cleaning. Can be used in alcohol type stoves and chafing dishes. Ethanol is available as denatured...
A ketone solvent. A highly volatile, aromatic, flammable and moderately toxic selective solvent. Ingredient in nail polish remover, some paint strippers, and most lacquer thinners. Miscible in water....
Linters are the short fibers left on the cotton seed after the longer fibers have been removed. Although the fibers are too short for spinning or cloth making, they are useful in paper pulp. The...
A term that applies to the number of turns and the direction that two yarns are turned during the manufacturing process. The yarn twist brings the fibers close together and makes them compact. It...

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