TextileGlossary.com

What is "Crocking" - Definition & Explanation

The tendency for a fabric dye to rub off. This can occur wet or dry.
The tendency of excess dyes to rub off. Napped and pile fabrics in deep colors are most likely to crock. Industry has set standards and tests to measure and prevent crocking.
The rubbing-off of dye from a fabric. Crocking can be the result of lack of penetration of the dyeing agent, the use of incorrect dyes or dyeing procedures, or the lack of proper washing procedures and finishing treatments after the dyeing process.
Rubbing off of color from woven or printed fabrics.
The removal of dye from a fabric by rubbing. Crocking can be caused by insufficient dye penetration or fixation, the use of improper dyes or dyeing methods, or insufficient washing and treatment after the dyeing operation. Crocking can occur under dry or wet conditions.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Vegetable tanning refers to the use of natural tannins to create usable leather from hides. Natural tannins are present in bark, wood, leaves and fruits of chestnut, oak and hemlock trees. This...
The removal of dye from a fabric by rubbing. Crocking can be caused by insufficient dye penetration or fixation, the use of improper dyes or dyeing methods, or insufficient washing and treatment...
Colors like red, orange, and yellow are called warm colors. They are advancing in nature because, as seen by the eye, these colors move closer thereby reducing the size of an object. Warm colors are...
Fabrics which have received a treatment, which causes shrinking. Often done on cottons before cutting the fabric in order to remove the tendency for shrinkage in the finished garment. The percent of...
In screen printing a separate screen is created for each color. The open mesh part of the screen corresponds to the area to be printed in that color. The areas where color is not to pass through are...

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