TextileGlossary.com

What are "Face Finished Fabrics" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 23-May-2024 (1 month, 22 days ago)
Share on FacebookShare on Twitter
Face Finished Fabrics
Face finished fabrics are textile materials that undergo a surface treatment process to enhance their appearance and texture. The surface treatment or finishing process can be mechanical, chemical, or a combination of both. The finishing process can involve various techniques, including brushing, sanding, pressing, or coating, to create a unique texture, shine, or color effect on the fabric's surface.

One of the primary objectives of face finishing is to improve the fabric's aesthetic value by giving it a distinctive and appealing look. The finishing process can create a variety of effects, such as a smooth or rough surface, a glossy or matte finish, or a soft or stiff texture. It can also enhance the fabric's durability, resistance to wear and tear, and its ability to resist stains, water, and other external factors.

Several types of face finishing processes are available in the textile industry. One of the most common is mercerizing, which is a chemical process that improves the fabric's luster, strength, and absorbency. The process involves treating the fabric with sodium hydroxide solution, which causes the fibers to swell and straighten. This straightening process gives the fabric a more reflective surface, making it appear shinier and more lustrous.

Another popular face finishing technique is calendaring, which involves passing the fabric through a series of rollers under high pressure and temperature. This process can create a variety of surface effects, such as a smooth, glossy, or embossed finish. It is commonly used to create fabrics for bedding, tablecloths, and curtains.

Embossing is another type of face finishing that involves creating a raised or recessed pattern on the fabric's surface. The process can be done mechanically or chemically and is used to add texture and depth to the fabric's surface. The embossing process is commonly used to create fabrics for upholstery, wallpaper, and fashion apparel.

In addition to the techniques mentioned above, other face finishing processes include brushing, shearing, and sanding. Brushing involves passing the fabric over a rotating cylinder with wire bristles, which can create a soft and fluffy texture. Shearing, on the other hand, involves cutting the fabric's surface fibers to create a smooth and even pile. Sanding involves rubbing the fabric's surface with abrasive materials to create a rough or textured surface.

In summary, face finishing is a crucial process in the textile industry that enhances the appearance and texture of fabrics. The process can involve a range of techniques, including mechanical and chemical treatments, and can create a variety of surface effects, such as luster, gloss, texture, and pattern. Face finished fabrics are widely used in the production of apparel, home textiles, and industrial fabrics, and play a crucial role in determining the fabric's aesthetic value, durability, and functionality.
Face Finished Fabrics
Fabrics which have surface treatments that provide a variety of looks and effects on the fabric surface. These include brushing, sanding, sueding, etc. The warp knit industry is specially innovative with face finishing techniques. The term also applies to more traditional fabrics such as meltons, jerseys, and overcoatings that have been finished only on the face.

Some more terms:

Setting Sail with Sailcloth: Exploring its Strength and Versatility

A strong canvas of cotton, linen, or nylon in a plain weave, sometimes with a crosswise rib. The weights vary, but most often the count is around 148 x 60. Able to withstand the elements (rain, wind...

Read about Sailcloth

Romaine

A lightweight textile with a low thread count that is lustrous and has an uneven textural appearance. It was originally made of silk but is found today in wool, silk, rayon, acetate and other...

Read about Romaine

Embroidery Artistry: Discover Techniques, History, and Modern Applications

Embroidery is an ancient variety of decorative needlework in which designs and pictures are created by stitching strands of some material on to a layer of another material. Most embroidery uses...

Read about Embroidery

Spacer Fabric

Two separate fabrics faces knitted independently and then connected by a separate spacer yarn. These fabrics can be produced on both circular and flat knitting machines. Spacer fabrics have the...

Read about Spacer Fabric

Sheraton

Sheraton is a late 18th century neoclassical English furniture style, in vogue ca 1785 - 1800, that was named afterwards (by 19th century collectors and dealers) to credit furniture designer Thomas...

Read about Sheraton

Acetylation

A chemical reaction that changes cellulose linters (cotton) into cellulose acetate. This reaction improves the heat and rot resistance of the fiber yet does not adversely affect the other good...

Read about Acetylation

Spun Silk's Evolution: From Ancient China to Modern Fabric

Spun Silk: Discovering the Fabric of RoyaltySpun Silk embodies the luxurious allure of silk with a more versatile and forgiving texture. This textile is the product of shorter silk fibersthose not...

Read about Spun Silk

Weaving Wonders: Unraveling the Art of Fabric Interlacing

Weaving: Unraveling the Art of Interlacing ThreadsThe Intricate Tapestry of Weaving and Its Evolution Through TimeWeaving, an age-old textile technique, involves the interlacing of warp and weft...

Read about Weaving

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Companies for Face Finished Fabrics:

If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Face Finished Fabrics, please fill your company details below so that we can list your company for FREE! Send us the following details:
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Attach a logo, if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Did you know this fact? Fashion designer Manish Malhotra has designed costumes for over 1,000 Bollywood films.
(s) 2024 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap