TextileGlossary.com

What is "Layering" - Definition & Explanation

Layering involves the use of a comfort or base layer; an insulation layer; and a protection layer. The base layer comprises clothing worn next to the skin. Perspiration drying on the skin can cause chilling. However, this effect can be minimised by wearing a base layer which wicks moisture away from the skin. The insulation layer is the middle layer in the system and enables the wearer to regulate his or her body temperature by putting on or taking off garments as necessary. Insulation layer garments should be lightweight and warm, and should dry quickly in order to retain body heat. They should also let perspiration vapour escape from the comfort layer underneath, and retain their insulating properties even when wet. The protection layer is an outer layer of waterproof and windproof fabric. It should be highly breathable, so as to allow perspiration vapour to escape easily from the comfort layer and the insulation layer.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The Jacquard loom was the first machine to use punch cards. It uses punched cards to control the pattern being woven. It is a form of dobby loom, where individual harnesses can be raised and lowered...
Knob, often vase-shaped, used as crowning ornament on furniture. Also found at intersection of stretchers joining legs of chairs, tables, etc. In drapery hardware, a decorative piece added at each...
Manufactured, continuous filament fibers that have a center void, which has been created through the introduction of air or other gas in the polymer solution, or by melt spinning through specially...
A knit or woven fabric made from a rough, curly, knotted boucle yarn. The fabric has a looped, knotted surface and is often used in sportswear and coats. Made from wool, but also in rayon, silk,...
Color changes in localized areas of a garment due to differential wear, such as the knees of blue jeans. Often evident in cross-dye shades of blends where durable press treatments are applied. Color...

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