TextileGlossary.com

What is "Layering" - Definition & Explanation

Layering involves the use of a comfort or base layer; an insulation layer; and a protection layer. The base layer comprises clothing worn next to the skin. Perspiration drying on the skin can cause chilling. However, this effect can be minimised by wearing a base layer which wicks moisture away from the skin. The insulation layer is the middle layer in the system and enables the wearer to regulate his or her body temperature by putting on or taking off garments as necessary. Insulation layer garments should be lightweight and warm, and should dry quickly in order to retain body heat. They should also let perspiration vapour escape from the comfort layer underneath, and retain their insulating properties even when wet. The protection layer is an outer layer of waterproof and windproof fabric. It should be highly breathable, so as to allow perspiration vapour to escape easily from the comfort layer and the insulation layer.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A clearly defined band (q.v.) or bands that run (s) full width across an open-width fabric or spirally in a tubular fabric, and differ (s) in appearance from the adjacent normal fabric as the result...
A flat piece of material covered with a special type of CARD CLOTHING, held in a horizontal position on the "flat top" type of CARDING MACHINE. Working in conjunction with a CARDING DRUM, it aids in...
Kimono is a traditional garment from Japan. Kimono was basically a word that referred to all types of clothing, but the word eventually came to define to the full-length robe-like garment still worn...
This process is usually used on splits, or heavily buffed leather The finishing fim is created on a continuous release paper. An adhesive is applied to the film, and then it is pressed onto the...
A yarn that has been so processed as to introduce durable crimps (q.v.), coils, loops or other fine distortions along the length of the fibres or filaments. NOTE: a) The main texturing processes...

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