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What is "Matelasse" - Definition & Explanation

(mat-la-zay) A compound woven pattern of fabric, often with a thin padding sewn to it in decorative stitch lines . From the French matelasse which means padded and quilted.
It is a figured or ornamented double or treble cloth using wadding threads to give a raised appearance to the figure.
A fancy double woven or compound fabric that has the appearance of being padded, puckered or quilted. It is usually woven on a jacquard loom. Used for upholstery, drapery, vests. Lighter weights are used for dresses and other apparel.
French for 'cushioned or padded' and is made on a jacquard or dobby loom, in double cloth weave. This term refers to the type of weave. It is a triple-woven medium to heavyweight luxury fabric fabric made in a double cloth construction to create a blistered or quilted surface. The pattern stands out and gives a 'pouch' or 'quilted' effect to the goods. Crepe yarn in double weave shrinks during finishing causing a blistering effect. Gives good wear and drapes well. If washable, it must be laundered with care. It is very attractive and suits quite plain styles. Some cotton matelasse is used for bedspreads, dresses, suits, or ensembles.
A jacquard fabric woven with heavy "stuffer" filling yarns to create a puffed quilted effect.
A dobby or jacquard cotton fabric. The pattern stands out to give a quilted look for bedspreads and other home fabrics, or fine apparel fabrics.
The French word "Matelasser" means to quilt, to pad. This fabric is woven similar to a brocatelle, having two warps, which in weaving, achieves a puckered or quilted effect.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A design effect created on a woven fabric by the use of extra yarns which are woven into the fabric at a certain spot then allowed to float over the fabric to the next spot. The float threads are...
Turns inserted in opposite directions and in equal numbers in adjacent elements of yarn, silver (q.v.) or similar aggregations of fibres or filaments, and that are characterised by their temporary...
A popular staple lightweight sport coating tweed with a rough napped surface. Named for the Cheviot sheep from the Cheviot Hills of Scotland. Fabric is rugged, rather than harsh in hand, with...
A variation of a 1x1 rib stitch with 2 sets of needles There is alternate knitting and tucking on one course then tucking and knitting on the next course. The fabric has the same look on both sides...
Descriptive of yarn spun wholly from combed wool inwhich the fibers arereasonably parallel ,and fabrics orgarments made fromsuchyarns. In mostcountriesfabrics with a small proportion...

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