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What is "Mercerized Cotton" - Definition & Explanation

Mercerization is a treatment for cotton fabric and thread mostly employed to give cotton a lustrous appearance.
A wet finishing process for cotton yarn or fabric, which results in a stronger and more lustrous yarn that takes dye better with brighter, deeper colors.
Mercerized cotton is cotton thread (or cotton-covered thread with a polyester core) that has been treated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The thread is given a caustic soda bath that is then neutralized with an acid bath. This treatment increases strength, luster, affinity to dye and resistance to mildew, and also reduces lint. Long staple fibre lengths respond best to mercerization.
A treatment using heat and streatching to increase luster, strength and ability to dye. Usually the yarns are soaked in concentrated sodium.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A knitting method that creates a fine textured surface that appears similar to a birdsnest or waffle weave. Plackets (Slits in Apparel Forming a Closure) A small boxed area at the bottom of where the...
The longitudinal edges of a fabric that are formed during weaving with the weft not only turning at the edges but also passing continuously across the width of the fabric from edge. NOTE: Selvedges...
Applying color(s) in definite, repeated patterns of fabric by any one of a number of printing methods. Color is deposited in thick paste form and treated with steam or chemicals to cause it to...
The generic name for fibres composed of synthetic linear macromolecules that have in the chain recurring amide groups, at least 85% of which are joined directly to two aromatic rings and in which...
A soft, plush like fabric of wool, usually containing somespecialhair fiber,such as alpaca or mohair. The term isproperly appliedonly to yarnall-woolproduct, closelywoven and of pine stock. Diagonal...

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