What is "Nankeen" - Definition & Explanation
Nankeen, in the context of textiles, refers to a type of durable, plain-woven cotton fabric that originated in China. It is characterized by its distinctive pale yellow or off-white color, which is achieved through a process of bleaching and dyeing. Nankeen fabric is known for its strength, breathability, and versatility, making it a popular choice for a variety of garments and household textiles.

The name "nankeen" is derived from the Chinese word "Nánj?n" or "Nánk?ng," which refers to the city of Nanking (now Nanjing) in China, where the fabric was historically produced. Nankeen has a rich history dating back several centuries. It was initially developed in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and gained popularity during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) when it became a prominent export textile.

The production process of nankeen involves several stages. Initially, unbleached cotton fabric is woven into a plain weave structure. The fabric is then subjected to a bleaching process using natural materials such as rice husks or wheat bran. This bleaching technique imparts a characteristic yellowish color to the fabric. After bleaching, the fabric may be printed with intricate patterns using dyes derived from natural sources, such as indigo.

Nankeen fabric is highly regarded for its durability and breathability. It has a smooth texture and is known for its resistance to pilling and wear. The plain weave structure of the fabric allows for good air circulation, making it suitable for warm and humid climates. Nankeen is used to create a wide range of garments, including shirts, dresses, trousers, and jackets. It is also utilized in home textiles like curtains, upholstery, and bedding.

The top users and manufacturers of nankeen fabric have evolved over time. Historically, Chinese artisans and textile mills in Nanking were the primary producers of nankeen. However, with the growth of the textile industry and globalization, production has expanded to other regions as well. Nankeen fabrics are now manufactured in various countries, including China, India, Japan, and several Southeast Asian nations.

In terms of top users, nankeen fabric continues to be appreciated for its unique qualities and traditional appeal. It often finds its place in designer collections and high-end fashion brands that value heritage textiles. Moreover, nankeen is favored by artisans and individuals who appreciate the craftsmanship and cultural significance of this fabric. It is commonly used in bespoke and artisanal clothing, where attention to detail and quality are highly valued.

The revival of traditional and sustainable textiles has also contributed to the resurgence of nankeen. With a growing interest in environmentally friendly and locally sourced materials, nankeen has gained attention as an eco-friendly fabric choice. Additionally, the distinctive appearance and historical charm of nankeen make it sought after by collectors and enthusiasts who value its cultural and aesthetic significance.

In conclusion, nankeen is a traditional cotton fabric with a long history originating from China. Its unique pale yellow or off-white color, durability, and breathability make it a desirable choice for garments and home textiles. While its production was traditionally centered in Nanking, it is now manufactured in various countries. Nankeen continues to be used by fashion brands, artisans, and individuals who appreciate its cultural heritage, sustainability, and timeless appeal.
Nankeen a durable brownish yellow cotton fabric originally loomed by hand in China. Trousers made of nankeen, namely a durable brownish yellow cotton cloth originally hand-loomed in China.
A kind of cotton cloth, originally made at Naking from a yellow variety of cotton, but now from ordinary cotton died yellow.

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