TextileGlossary.com

What is "pH" - Definition & Explanation

pH is the measure of acidity or alkalinity of a substance. On a scale of 0-14, 7 is neutral (neither acid nor alkaline). Lower than 7 is acidic (gives up a hydrogen atom when added to water) and greater than 7 is alkaline (a base), giving up OH (hydroxide) when added to water. The further away the number is from 7, the "stronger" it is. Each fabric has a preferred pH. PH is also used in water-based cleaning as some soils yield to different pH solutions.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A needlepoint lace on a fine net background. Characterized by a heavy thread (cordonnet) outlining the design. Although usually machine made, there are instances where the cordonnet is inserted/done...
The process of applying dye to fabric on a continuous basis rather on a batchwise process. Uses less energy and water that batchwise processes in principle but there are long periods of time when the...
A uniform is a set of standard clothing worn by members of an organization whilst participating in that organization's activity. People performing religious activities have often worn standard...
Used to provide stretch to fabrics. 100% natural latex contains no synthetic ingredients. Blended latex, also know as Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR), is produced with petrochemicals and doesn't not...
The potential shrinkage that remains in a fibre, yarn or fabric after treatment designed to reduce or eliminate shrinkage. NOTE: The expression is commonly used with reference to heat-shrinkage...

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