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What is "pH" - Definition & Explanation

pH is the measure of acidity or alkalinity of a substance. On a scale of 0-14, 7 is neutral (neither acid nor alkaline). Lower than 7 is acidic (gives up a hydrogen atom when added to water) and greater than 7 is alkaline (a base), giving up OH (hydroxide) when added to water. The further away the number is from 7, the "stronger" it is. Each fabric has a preferred pH. PH is also used in water-based cleaning as some soils yield to different pH solutions.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Ink-jet printing is a method of applying pigment and dyes to cloth using an ink-jet printer. It is considered the most eco-friendly and efficient method of printing due to its lower water usage,...
An open fabric of silk, rayon, cotton, synthetics, or nylon, that is created by connecting the intersections in a woven, knitted, or crocheted construction to form a mesh-like appearance that won't...
A diving suit is an item of clothing or device designed for protecting divers from the underwater environment. Modern diving suits can be divided into two kinds: ambient pressure or "soft" diving...
The tendency of a yarn to become fuller-looking when wetted and dried under certain conditions. In practice, the overall yarn diameter increases slightly-resulting in a "halo effect" or softer...
The procedure, other than by scouring only, of improving the whiteness of a textile by decolourising it from the grey state, with or without the removal of the nature colouring matter or extraneous...

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