What is "Pongee" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 12-Jan-2023 (10 months, 22 days ago)
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Pongee is a lightweight, plain weave fabric that is made from silk or a blend of silk and synthetic fibers. It is known for its soft texture and smooth finish, which makes it a popular choice for a variety of different textile applications. Pongee fabric is typically made in a plain or solid color, although it can also be printed with designs or patterns.

Pongee fabric is made using a plain weave, which means that the warp and weft threads are interlaced in a simple over-under pattern. This creates a fabric that is both strong and lightweight, with a tight, even weave that is resistant to tearing and fraying. Pongee fabric is typically made from fine, high-quality silk fibers, which give it its characteristic softness and sheen.

One of the key advantages of pongee fabric is its versatility. Because it is lightweight and breathable, it is a popular choice for clothing, including dresses, blouses, and scarves. It is also commonly used for linings in jackets and other outerwear, as well as for drapery and upholstery. Pongee fabric is often used in combination with other fabrics, such as wool or cotton, to create a variety of different textures and finishes.

In addition to its soft texture and smooth finish, pongee fabric is also known for its ability to absorb dye. This makes it an ideal choice for creating vibrant, saturated colors that resist fading over time. Pongee fabric can be dyed using a variety of different techniques, including immersion dyeing, tie-dyeing, and screen printing.

Pongee fabric is also easy to care for, as it is both machine washable and dry cleanable. However, it is important to follow the manufacturer's care instructions carefully, as some types of pongee fabric may require special handling to maintain their texture and sheen.

In conclusion, pongee is a versatile and popular fabric that is known for its soft texture, smooth finish, and ability to absorb dye. It is commonly used for clothing, linings, drapery, and upholstery, and is often combined with other fabrics to create a variety of different textures and finishes. Its lightweight and breathable properties make it an ideal choice for warm weather clothing, while its ability to absorb dye allows for the creation of vibrant, long-lasting colors.
The most common form is a naturally colored lightweight, plain weave, silk-like fabric with a slubbed effect. End-uses include blouses, dresses, etc. Originally made of wild Chinese silk with a knotty rough weave.
Silk, cotton, or rayon in a plain weave that was woven 'in the gum'. Originally from China and woven on hand looms in the home. It is light or medium weight and tan or ecru in color. Some is dyed, but color is not quite uniform. The warp is finer and more even than filling. The nubs or irregular cross ribs are produced by uneven yarns. It is woven from wild tussah silk and it is a 'raw silk'.
A plain weave, light to medium weight silk fabric with slubs and nubs on the surface. Often found in a natural light tan color.
A plain weave light to medium weight fabric with a smooth surface. May be of cotton or manufactured fibers such as polyester. Used for dresses, blouses, pajamas, linings.
A fabric made using a rib variation of the plain weave. The construction is characterized by having a slight ridge effect in one direction, usually the filling. Poplin used to be associated with casual clothing, but as the "world of work" has become more relaxed, this fabric has developed into a staple of men's wardrobes, being used frequently in casual trousers.
The most common form is a naturally colored lightweight, plain weave, silk-like fabric with a slubbed effect. End-uses include athletic union suits and drawers.
A lustrous lightweight plain-weave fabric, originally woven in silk.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Paduasoy is a historical fabric that originated in the 18th century and holds significance in the textile industry. It is a luxurious silk fabric known for its smooth texture, lustrous appearance,...
Rough woollen fabric made in the uplands of Mid-Wales from the local hardy sheep. Plain weave, hopsack, or herringbone weaves are the most usual and the yarns are either dyed with synthetic dyes for...
The simplest of all weave interlacings, in which the odd warp threads operate over one and under one weft thread throughout the fabric and the even warp threads reverse this order to under one, over...
Sateen 78
Cotton, some also made in rayon. Sateen, 5-harness, filling-face weave. Lustrous and smooth with the sheen in a filling direction. Carded or combed yarns are used. Better qualities are mercerized to...
Abho 43
A loose shirt-like garment, worn by women mostly in Gujarat and Rajasthan. The garment was generally worn with short, wide sleeves, open at the neck, loose-fitting on the upper part and really flared...

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