What are "Press" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 30-Jan-2023 (1 year, 4 months ago)
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Pressing Matters: Exploring the Power of Press in Textile Production

The Press in Textile: Meaning, Types, Handling, and Top International Users

The press is a vital tool in the textile industry, playing a crucial role in various stages of fabric production. It is used for tasks such as dyeing, printing, and finishing, exerting pressure to facilitate color fixation, pattern transfer, or fabric treatment. This article provides a comprehensive understanding of the press in textile, including its history, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers.

History and Origin:

The use of presses in textile processes dates back centuries. Early civilizations employed simple presses, often operated manually, to enhance dye penetration or extract excess water from fabrics. With industrialization, the development of mechanized presses revolutionized textile production, enabling more efficient and precise operations. Today, modern presses utilize advanced technologies and automation to deliver superior results in fabric treatment.

Types of Press:

1. Heat Press: The heat press is commonly used in textile printing processes, such as sublimation printing or heat transfer printing. It utilizes heat and pressure to transfer dyes or pigments onto fabric, resulting in vibrant and long-lasting designs.

2. Calender Press: The calender press is primarily used for finishing processes, such as fabric lamination or embossing. It consists of multiple rollers, which apply pressure and heat to smooth or impart texture to the fabric surface.

3. Hydraulic Press: Hydraulic presses are employed in various textile applications, including fabric bonding, cutting, or molding. They use hydraulic pressure to exert force and shape or join fabric layers, contributing to the manufacturing of textile products such as footwear, bags, or upholstery.

Tips for Handling:

1. Maintenance: Regular maintenance of the press is essential to ensure optimal performance and longevity. This includes cleaning, lubrication, and inspection of critical components.

2. Proper Training: Operators should receive adequate training on press operation and safety measures. Understanding the equipment's capabilities and potential hazards minimizes the risk of accidents and damage.

3. Temperature and Pressure Control: Different fabrics and processes require specific temperature and pressure settings. It is crucial to follow the manufacturer's guidelines and conduct test runs to determine the optimal parameters for each application.

Top International Users and Manufacturers:

  1. M&R Printing Equipment - M&R Printing Equipment is a leading manufacturer of screen printing presses and equipment. They offer a range of innovative and high-quality presses for textile printing.
  2. Heidelberg - Heidelberg is a global provider of press solutions, including those used in the printing and textile industry. Their advanced presses offer precision and efficiency in fabric printing and finishing.
  3. Kornit Digital - Kornit Digital is a renowned company specializing in digital textile printing solutions. They offer a range of cutting-edge presses for direct-to-garment and roll-to-roll printing.


The press holds immense significance in the textile industry, enabling efficient and precise fabric treatment processes. Understanding its history, types, and tips for handling enhances the overall textile production workflow. By partnering with top international users and manufacturers, the industry continues to advance and deliver innovative textiles that meet the demands of a dynamic market.

1A device that uses heat and pressure to remove wrinkles and creases and smooth fabrics during garment construction. 2. A device used to press or compress raw materials. 3. To iron in the home or commercial laundry. 4. To squeeze liquid out of a fabric through the use of roller presses.
A device that uses heat and pressure to remove wrinkles and creases and smooth fabrics during garment construction.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A woven fabric, usually cotton or maybe linen, with loop pile on one or both sides. Pile, also jacquard and dobby combined with pile. It has either all over loops on both sides of the fabric or...
A marked change in the colour of an object with a change in the spectral composition of the light by which it is viewed. NOTE: Metamerism can be judged only with reference to the changes occurring...
Weft 34
Knit - The most common type of knit formed by interlocking loops in the widthwise direction. Weft knit tend to have more stretch than warp knits. Examples are interlock, jerseys, double knits, rib...
A dyed fabric is printed with a chemical paste that bleaches out or 'discharges' the color to allow white patterns on a dyed ground. By adding a dye to the paste that is not affected by the chemical...
A textile fabric made from an elastomer either alone or in combination with other textile materials. At room temperature an elastic fabric will stretch under tension and will return quickly and...

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