What is "Sable" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 09-May-2023 (9 months, 18 days ago)
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Sable is a term used in the textile industry to refer to a luxurious and highly sought-after type of fur or fabric. It is derived from the soft, dense, and lustrous fur of the sable, a small carnivorous mammal native to Siberia and other cold regions. The term "sable" is often used to describe fabrics that mimic the appearance and texture of sable fur.

Sable fur is renowned for its exceptional quality, warmth, and beauty. It has a rich, deep color and a velvety texture that exudes luxury. In the textile world, sable fabric is typically made from natural or synthetic fibers that emulate the softness and sheen of sable fur. These fabrics often feature a fine and dense pile or nap, which contributes to their plush and luxurious feel.

Fabric Properties and Characteristics

Sable fabric possesses several key properties and characteristics that make it highly desirable in the textile industry:

  1. Luxurious Texture: Sable fabric is known for its incredibly soft and smooth texture, reminiscent of the velvety feel of sable fur. It provides a tactile experience that is both comforting and indulgent.
  2. Rich Color: Sable fabrics come in a wide range of rich and deep colors, including various shades of brown, black, and gray. These colors add sophistication and elegance to garments and home furnishings.
  3. Excellent Insulation: Sable fabric, whether made from natural or synthetic fibers, offers excellent insulation properties. It helps retain body heat, providing warmth and comfort in cold climates.
  4. Durability: Sable fabrics are known for their durability, making them long-lasting and resistant to wear and tear. This durability ensures that sable garments and furnishings retain their luxurious appearance for an extended period.
  5. Soft Drape: Sable fabric has a supple and graceful drape, allowing it to flow beautifully and create elegant silhouettes in garments such as coats, capes, and eveningwear.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Russia is the largest producer of sable fur in the world. China is the second largest producer, and Japan is the third largest producer. North America and Europe also produce a small amount of sable fur.

Sable fur is a very expensive commodity. The price of sable fur varies depending on the quality of the fur, the size of the pelt, and the color of the fur.

Several international users and manufacturers prioritize the use of sable fabric to create exquisite garments and accessories. Here are some notable companies:

  1. Fendi: Fendi, an Italian luxury fashion house, is renowned for its extensive use of sable fur and fabric. The brand incorporates sable into their high-end outerwear, accessories, and fur-trimmed pieces, showcasing the opulence and craftsmanship associated with sable.
  2. Chanel: Chanel, a prestigious French fashion brand, often features sable fabric in their collections. They utilize sable to create luxurious coats, jackets, and accessories, elevating their designs with a touch of extravagance.
  3. Prada: Prada, an Italian luxury fashion label, incorporates sable fabric in their creations to add a sense of refinement and indulgence. Sable-trimmed coats and accessories are among their notable offerings.
  4. Gucci: Gucci, a globally recognized luxury brand, occasionally incorporates sable fabric into their collections. They use sable to create statement pieces, such as coats and collars, that exude elegance and sophistication.
  5. Dolce & Gabbana: Dolce & Gabbana, an Italian luxury fashion house, showcases sable fabric in their collections, emphasizing its premium quality and sumptuous appeal. Their sable-trimmed coats and accessories reflect the brand's commitment to exquisite craftsmanship.

These esteemed fashion houses are just a few examples of international users and manufacturers that appreciate the beauty and luxury of sable fabric in their designs.

Coat colour pattern. Black-tipped hairs overlaid on a background of gold, silver, grey, fawn or tan basic coat.
Sable black; dark brown color of the fur of the sable; a grayish yellowish brown.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Gauge 41
A gauge is a set number of rows per inch (in knitting) or the thread-count of a woven fabric that helps the knitter determine whether they have the right size knitting needles or a weaver if the...
Astrakhan pelt of the newborn Persian lamb, used like fur in garments, and also the woolen fabric woven to resemble real astrakhan. The cloth is woven on a cotton base entirely covered by a pile of...
Vegetable dye, also known as natural dye, is a type of dye that is derived from plants, vegetables, fruits, and other natural sources. The use of vegetable dyes can be traced back to ancient...
A yarn that is spun using pre-dyed fibers. These fibers are blended together to give a particular look. (For example, black and white may be blended together to create a grey heathered yarn.) The...
A batchwise dyeing process used for dyeing pile fabrics or those with very high elastane content. Fabrics are rolled onto perforated beams like giant toilet rolls and dye liquor is forced through....

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