TextileGlossary.com

What is "Staple fiber" - Definition & Explanation

Fibers of relatively short length, inches or cm. Most natural fibers (except silk) are staple fibers. Staple fibers must be twisted or spun into yarns. Staple fibers expose more fiber ends on the surface of the yarn, creating a duller appearance.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The generic name for fibres made from a synthetic linear polymer that contains, in the chain, at least 85% (m/m) of an ester of a dihydric alcohol and terphthalic acid, e.g....
Often made from rayon but can also be made from mohair, silk and synthetics. The ground or backing yarns are usually made of cotton. Sometimes jute or hemp is combined with the cotton. It has a pile...
The permeablity, or the ease with which air passes through material. Air porous ness determines such factors as the wind resistance of sailcloth, the air resistance of parachute cloth, and the...
The raising of fibers on the face of the goods by means of teasels or rollers covered with card clothing (steel wires) that are about one inch in height. Action by either method raises the protruding...
A driven roller on a textile machine around which a yarn is passed in order to regulate its speed during the extrusion and further processing of certain man-made fibres. The roller may be heated in...

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