TextileGlossary.com

What is "Staple Fibers" - Definition & Explanation

Short fibers, typically ranging from 1/2 inch up to 18 inches long. Wool, cotton, and flax exist only as staple fibers. Manufactured staple fibers are cut to a specific length from the continuous filament fiber. Usually the staple fiber is cut in lengths ranging from 1-1/2 inches to 8 inches long. A group of staple fibers are twisted together to form a yarn, which is then woven or knit into fabrics.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A basic stitch used in weft knitting, in which each loop formed in the knit is identical. The jersey stitch is also called the plain, felt, or stockinet stitch. Jute - A bast fiber, chiefly from...
A yarn composed of two or more single yarns twisted together. Many two-ply yarns are used in carpet. In cut-pile carpet, eg, saxony, plied yarns must be heat-set to prevent untwisting under traffic....
A woven is a cloth formed by weaving. It only stretches in the bias directions (between the warp and weft directions), unless the threads are elastic. Woven cloth usually frays at the edges, unless...
The property of fibers that measures strength. This is determined by the force required to rupture of break the fiber. Typically, this is measure is grams per denier, or g/d. Tensile strength measres...
A textile fabric made from an elastomer either alone or in combination with other textile materials. At room temperature an elastic fabric will stretch under tension and will return quickly and...

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