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What is "Tensile Strength" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 23-Apr-2023 (1 year, 1 month, 6 days ago)
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Tensile Strength
Tensile strength is a measure of the ability of a fabric to resist being pulled apart. It is measured in pounds per square inch (PSI). The higher the tensile strength, the stronger the fabric.

Tensile strength is an important property for textiles because it affects how well the fabric can hold up to wear and tear. For example, a fabric with high tensile strength will be less likely to tear or rip when it is being used.

Tensile strength is also important for fabrics that are used in applications where they will be subjected to a lot of stress, such as workwear or sportswear. In these cases, a fabric with high tensile strength will be more durable and will last longer.

There are a number of factors that can affect the tensile strength of a fabric, including the type of fiber, the weave or knit, and the finishing treatment.

Fiber type

The type of fiber is the most important factor affecting the tensile strength of a fabric. Natural fibers, such as cotton and linen, typically have lower tensile strength than synthetic fibers, such as nylon and polyester. This is because natural fibers are more irregular in shape and have weaker bonds between the molecules.

Weave or knit

The weave or knit of a fabric can also affect its tensile strength. Woven fabrics, such as plain weave and twill weave, are generally stronger than knitted fabrics, such as jersey and interlock. This is because woven fabrics have more yarns per unit area, which provides more strength.

Finishing treatment

A finishing treatment can also be used to improve the tensile strength of a fabric. A finishing treatment is a chemical or physical process that is applied to the fabric to improve its properties. There are a number of finishing treatments that can be used to improve the tensile strength of a fabric, including:

Heat setting
Heat setting is a process that is used to set the shape and size of a fabric. Heat setting can also improve the tensile strength of a fabric by making the fibers more aligned and by increasing the bonding between the fibers.

Shrinkage control
Shrinkage control is a finishing treatment that is used to prevent a fabric from shrinking. Shrinkage control can also improve the tensile strength of a fabric by making the fibers more aligned and by increasing the bonding between the fibers.

Water repellent finish
A water repellent finish is a finishing treatment that is used to make a fabric water-resistant. Water repellent finishes can also improve the tensile strength of a fabric by making the fibers more aligned and by increasing the bonding between the fibers.

UV protection finish
A UV protection finish is a finishing treatment that is used to protect a fabric from the sun's ultraviolet rays. UV protection finishes can also improve the tensile strength of a fabric by making the fibers more aligned and by increasing the bonding between the fibers.

By understanding the factors that affect the tensile strength of a fabric, it is possible to select fabrics that are appropriate for the intended use. For example, a fabric with high tensile strength would be a good choice for workwear or sportswear, while a fabric with lower tensile strength would be a good choice for casual wear.
Tensile Strength
(Breaking Strength) - The strength shown by a fiber, yarn, or fabric to resist breaking under pressure. It is the actual number of pounds of resistance that a fabric will give before the material is broken on the testing machine.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Narrow width between the seam line and the raw edge of the fabric. Seam allowances vary depending on where they occur on the garment and the manufacturers' specifications. Home sewing patterns...
Made from cotton, linen, rayon in a plain or twill weave. Quality and price vary a great deal. The warp counts are finer than the filling counts which are spun rather loose. Strong substantial and...
count 1094
Introduction: Exploring the Significance of Count in Textiles Count, a fundamental concept in the textile industry, holds immense importance in fabric production and quality assessment. It refers to...
This term can refer to either 'seamless knitting' (See Seamless Knitting), or 'welding/bonding technology', which uses a bonding agent to attach two pieces of fabric together, and eliminates the need...
Herringbone twill is a popular textile weave pattern characterized by a distinctive V-shaped design resembling the skeleton of a herring fish. This weaving technique creates a durable, textured...

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