TextileGlossary.com

What is "Tensile Strength" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 23-Apr-2023 (10 months, 4 days ago)
Share on FacebookShare on Twitter
Tensile Strength
Tensile strength is a measure of the ability of a fabric to resist being pulled apart. It is measured in pounds per square inch (PSI). The higher the tensile strength, the stronger the fabric.

Tensile strength is an important property for textiles because it affects how well the fabric can hold up to wear and tear. For example, a fabric with high tensile strength will be less likely to tear or rip when it is being used.

Tensile strength is also important for fabrics that are used in applications where they will be subjected to a lot of stress, such as workwear or sportswear. In these cases, a fabric with high tensile strength will be more durable and will last longer.

There are a number of factors that can affect the tensile strength of a fabric, including the type of fiber, the weave or knit, and the finishing treatment.

Fiber type

The type of fiber is the most important factor affecting the tensile strength of a fabric. Natural fibers, such as cotton and linen, typically have lower tensile strength than synthetic fibers, such as nylon and polyester. This is because natural fibers are more irregular in shape and have weaker bonds between the molecules.

Weave or knit

The weave or knit of a fabric can also affect its tensile strength. Woven fabrics, such as plain weave and twill weave, are generally stronger than knitted fabrics, such as jersey and interlock. This is because woven fabrics have more yarns per unit area, which provides more strength.

Finishing treatment

A finishing treatment can also be used to improve the tensile strength of a fabric. A finishing treatment is a chemical or physical process that is applied to the fabric to improve its properties. There are a number of finishing treatments that can be used to improve the tensile strength of a fabric, including:

Heat setting
Heat setting is a process that is used to set the shape and size of a fabric. Heat setting can also improve the tensile strength of a fabric by making the fibers more aligned and by increasing the bonding between the fibers.

Shrinkage control
Shrinkage control is a finishing treatment that is used to prevent a fabric from shrinking. Shrinkage control can also improve the tensile strength of a fabric by making the fibers more aligned and by increasing the bonding between the fibers.

Water repellent finish
A water repellent finish is a finishing treatment that is used to make a fabric water-resistant. Water repellent finishes can also improve the tensile strength of a fabric by making the fibers more aligned and by increasing the bonding between the fibers.

UV protection finish
A UV protection finish is a finishing treatment that is used to protect a fabric from the sun's ultraviolet rays. UV protection finishes can also improve the tensile strength of a fabric by making the fibers more aligned and by increasing the bonding between the fibers.

By understanding the factors that affect the tensile strength of a fabric, it is possible to select fabrics that are appropriate for the intended use. For example, a fabric with high tensile strength would be a good choice for workwear or sportswear, while a fabric with lower tensile strength would be a good choice for casual wear.
Tensile Strength
(Breaking Strength) - The strength shown by a fiber, yarn, or fabric to resist breaking under pressure. It is the actual number of pounds of resistance that a fabric will give before the material is broken on the testing machine.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A strong, rugged cloth made with a pronounced raised cord on a 63-degree twill weave. The weaves used for calvary twill and elastique are the same. Cavalry twill has a somewhat coarser rib effect...
Cire 461
Cire is a French term that refers to a shiny, waxed or glazed finish on a textile. This effect is created by applying heat and pressure to the fabric surface, which melts the surface fibers and...
(polyolefin/polypropylene) - A manufactured fiber characterized by its light weight, high strength, and abrasion resistance. Olefin is also good at transporting moisture, creating a wicking action....
Colors like red, orange, and yellow are called warm colors. They are advancing in nature because, as seen by the eye, these colors move closer thereby reducing the size of an object. Warm colors are...
Dip 47
a) An immersion of relatively short duration of a textile in a liquid. b) The depth of liquor in the inner cylinder of a rotating-cage washing machine. c) A term sometimes used to describe the...

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Companies for Tensile Strength:

If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Tensile Strength, please fill your company details below so that we can list your company for FREE! Send us the following details:
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Attach a logo, if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

(s) 2024 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap