What is "Velvet" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 18-Jan-2023 (10 months, 16 days ago)
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Velvet is a type of fabric that is known for its soft, plush texture and luxurious appearance. It is made by weaving two sets of threads together, with one set of threads forming the base of the fabric and the other set creating a pile on top of the base. The pile threads are then cut to create a dense, soft surface that is often used in clothing, upholstery, and other decorative textiles.

Velvet has a long history, dating back to ancient Egypt, where it was used to create richly decorated robes and other clothing items. It later became popular in Europe during the Renaissance, where it was used to create luxurious clothing and furnishings for the wealthy.

There are several different types of velvet, each with its own unique characteristics and uses. One common type of velvet is cotton velvet, which is made from a blend of cotton and polyester fibers. Cotton velvet is known for its durability and affordability, and is often used in the production of casual clothing items like sweatshirts and t-shirts.

Another type of velvet is silk velvet, which is made from silk fibers. Silk velvet is known for its softness and luster, and is often used in the production of high-end clothing items like evening gowns and formal suits.

Velvet can also be made from other fibers, such as rayon, nylon, and polyester. These synthetic velvets are often more affordable than natural fiber velvets, and can be made in a wide range of colors and patterns to suit different applications.

One of the key characteristics of velvet is its soft, plush texture. This texture is created by the pile threads on top of the fabric base, which create a dense surface that is soft to the touch. The thickness of the pile can vary, from short and dense to longer and more loosely packed, creating different textures and looks.

Another important characteristic of velvet is its sheen. Velvet has a natural luster that is created by the way the pile threads reflect light. This gives the fabric a rich, luxurious appearance that is often used in formal clothing and home decor.

Velvet can be used in a wide range of applications, from clothing and accessories to upholstery and home decor. It is often used in formal or high-end applications, where its soft texture and rich appearance can create a sense of luxury and sophistication.

Overall, velvet is a versatile and elegant fabric that has been prized for its softness and beauty for centuries. Whether used in clothing, home decor, or other applications, velvet is a luxurious and timeless choice that adds depth and texture to any design.
A medium-weight, cut-pile constructed fabric of silk, rayon, cotton or sythetics in which the cut pile stands up very straight. It is woven using two sets of warp yarns; the extra set creates the pile. Velvet, a luxurious fabric, is commonly made with a filament fiber for high luster and smooth hand. Mostly made with a plain back but some with a twill. Some are made with a silk pile and a rayon or cotton back. The name comes from the Latin 'vellus', meaning a fleece or tufted hair and it comes in many types, qualities, and weights. Good velvet wears fairly well and is inexpensive. The cheaper cloths give little service and look well only a few times before beginning to deteriorate. Better velvet may be crush resistant, water resistant, and drapes well but it has to be handled with care, and pressed on a velvet board. Cut all one way. For the maximum amount of depth in the color, cut it with the pile running up. It also wears better when cut this way. Velvet should be cut with very simple lines in the garment, so not to destroy the beauty of the fabric. It has the tendency to add weight to the figure.
A woven fabric with a thick, dense cut pile, a soft texture and a rich appearance. May be made by 2 different methods: a) 2 layers of fabric with connecting threads are cut apart or b) warp threads are lifted over wires during weaving forming loops, and the loops are cut when the wires are withdrawn. Velvet may be plain, or the pile may be flattened, embossed, crushed, or sculptured. Originally made of silk but now also made of nylon, rayon, acrylic, and other fibers. Used for dresses, evening wear, drapery, upholstery.

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