What is "Wire loom" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 13-Mar-2023 (8 months, 20 days ago)
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Wire loom

The term "Wire Loom" in textile refers to a type of fabric that incorporates metallic or wire-like elements into its construction. The concept of using wire in textile production can be traced back to ancient civilizations, where precious metals were woven into fabrics for decorative and functional purposes. However, the modern application of wire loom in textiles has evolved over time, influenced by technological advancements and innovative design techniques.

Meaning and Definition

Wire Loom, also known as metallic fabric or wire mesh fabric, is a textile material that combines traditional fabric fibers with metallic or wire-like elements. It is typically created by interweaving metallic yarns or wires with other fibers, such as cotton, silk, polyester, or nylon. This unique construction gives wire loom fabric a distinct appearance and a range of functional properties.

Types of Wire Loom

Wire loom fabrics come in various types, each offering unique characteristics and applications:

  1. Metallic Yarn Wire Loom: This type of wire loom is created by incorporating metallic yarns, such as gold, silver, copper, or aluminum, into the fabric. It is commonly used for decorative purposes, adding shimmer and elegance to garments, accessories, and home furnishings.
  2. Stainless Steel Wire Loom: Stainless steel wire loom is made by interweaving stainless steel wires with other fibers. It offers excellent durability, strength, and resistance to corrosion, making it suitable for industrial applications, protective clothing, and architectural purposes.
  3. Coated Wire Loom: Coated wire loom features a layer of protective coating over the metallic elements, enhancing durability, preventing tarnishing, and providing a smooth surface. It is often used in applications requiring increased comfort, such as sportswear, lingerie, and medical textiles.
  4. Conductive Wire Loom: Conductive wire loom is designed specifically for its electrical conductivity properties. It is commonly used in applications such as electromagnetic shielding, smart textiles, and wearable technology.

Tips in Handling Wire Loom

Working with wire loom fabrics requires some considerations to ensure proper handling and maintenance:

  • Be Mindful of Sharp Edges: Wire loom fabrics may have sharp or jagged edges due to the presence of metallic elements. Care should be taken while handling to avoid injury or damage to the fabric or other materials.
  • Choose the Right Needle and Thread: When sewing or stitching wire loom fabric, it is important to use appropriate needles and threads designed for metallic or heavy-duty fabrics. This helps prevent breakage and ensures proper stitching.
  • Take Precautions during Washing: Depending on the specific wire loom fabric, washing instructions may vary. It is essential to follow the manufacturer's guidelines to maintain the fabric's integrity and prevent damage to the metallic elements.
  • Store Carefully: Wire loom fabrics should be stored in a way that minimizes tangling and friction with other materials. It is advisable to roll or fold the fabric neatly and store it in a clean, dry environment.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Several renowned international brands utilize wire loom fabrics in their products, incorporating them into a variety of applications. Here are some notable users and manufacturers:

  1. Christian Dior: The luxury fashion house Christian Dior incorporates wire loom fabrics into their haute couture collections, creating intricate and avant-garde designs that showcase the blend of metallic elements with traditional textiles.
  2. Armani: Armani, a prominent fashion brand, utilizes wire loom fabrics in their eveningwear and red-carpet designs, adding a touch of opulence and glamour to their creations.
  3. Prada: Prada incorporates wire loom fabrics in their accessories and footwear lines, offering innovative and contemporary designs that combine functionality with aesthetics.
  4. Alexander McQueen: Known for their bold and unconventional designs, Alexander McQueen integrates wire loom fabrics into their collections, pushing the boundaries of fashion and textile experimentation.
  5. Chanel: Chanel utilizes wire loom fabrics in their jewelry and accessory lines, incorporating metallic elements to enhance the brand's signature elegance and sophistication.
  6. Textile Architects: Textile Architects is a leading manufacturer specializing in wire loom fabrics for architectural applications, offering a wide range of materials and designs for interior design, building facades, and installations.


Wire loom fabric, with its incorporation of metallic or wire-like elements, brings a unique aesthetic and functional properties to the world of textiles. From ancient civilizations to modern technological advancements, wire loom fabric has evolved and diversified, finding applications in fashion, architecture, and industrial settings. Understanding the various types of wire loom and following proper handling techniques ensures optimal utilization of this distinctive textile material.

Wire loom
Weaving machine for pile fabrics or velvets whereby the pile is made by weaving steel rods or wires into the fabrics. When the wires are extracted the warp ends that have been woven over the wires remain as loops on top of the fabric or will form cut pile if the wire is equipped with a cutting blade. This technique is also know as '?pingl? weaving'. A wire loom in a much wider version (up to 5 meters of width) and in heavier construction is used for the manufacturing of carpets is called a 'WILTON' loom, and the carpets made on such a loom are known as 'Wilton Carpets'

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Any single filament, generally a coarser manufactured fiber. Monofilaments are generally spun individually, rather than being extruded through the spinneret in groups of filaments. Cross-sections may...
A substance that is added to a textile (uncoloured or coloured) to increase the apparent light reflectance in the visible region by the conversion of ultraviolet radiation into visible light and so...
Results from uneven wetting out on sanforize; usually caused by defective spray heads. Fabric will appear wavy or puckering when spread on cutting table. Difficult to detect while inspecting on...
A non-metallic mineral fiber which is not flammable. The fiber is woven into fabrics and used for theater curtains, ironing board covers, potholders, and other cloths where flameproof and heatproof...
A wavy, rippled or watered appearance on a woven rib fabric and that is produced by the action of heat and heavy pressure from rollers. NOTE: The appearance is caused by differences in the...

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