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Textile Terms Explained

Head coverings during the 16th century ranged from the simple to the complex. The simplest, which was worn throughout the 16th century and well into the 17th, was the "coif". The coif is, quite...
A rayon that is spun to look like cotton or wool. It is made with staple fibers in a continuous strand to give this effect. It wears well and is washable. Made in different weights and comes in plain...
A fine, plain-woven cloth of closely set combed and carded long staple...
Fibers of relatively short length, inches or cm. Most natural fibers (except silk) are staple fibers. Staple fibers must be twisted or spun into yarns. Staple fibers expose more fiber ends on the...
The density of a material divided by the density of water. Expressed as a number greater than 0. Materials with specific gravity less than 1.00 will float and materials with specific gravity greater...

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