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What is "Cloth" - Definition & Explanation

Cloth or fabric is a flexible artificial material made up of a network of natural or artificial fibres (thread or yarn) formed by weaving or knitting (textiles), or pressed into felt. Cloth is most often used in the manufacture of clothing, household furnishings, and art such as tapestry. Before the advent of woven cloth, the functions of textiles were fulfilled by furs and skins.

In the past, all cloth was made from natural fibres, including plant sources such as such as as cotton, flax, and hemp, and animal sources such as wool, hair, and silk. In the 20th century, these were supplemented by artificial fibres such as polyester and rayon.

Cloth is most often dyed, with fabrics available in every colour. Coloured designs in fabric can be created by weaving strands of different colours (plaid) and adding coloured stitches to finished fabric (embroidery), but also by using various printing processes on finished fabric.

Cloth is made in many varying strengths and degrees of durability, from the finest gossamer fabrics to sturdy canvas sailcloths. The relative thickness of fibres in cloth is measured in deniers. Microfiber refers to fibers made of strands thinner than one denier.

Used in its broad sense, cloth is synonymous with the terms fabric, material, and goods. It is anything made from a raw material that has been constructed by weaving, knitting, plaiting, braiding, or needling.
A Generic Term Embracing Most Textile Fabrics. The Term Was Originally Applied To Wool Fabric Suitable For Clothing.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A manufactured assembly of fibres or yarns (or both) that has substantial surface area in relation to its thickness, and sufficient mechanical strength to give the assembly inherent...
A general classification of strong, firm, closely woven fabrics usually made with cotton. A heavier, open weave comprised of plied yarns (a number of single yarns, usually three, twisted together)....
A long crease mark in a dyed or finished textile and that runs approximately in the length direction. NOTE: The marks are caused during wet processing in the rope form and may be the result of: a)...
1). A heavy napped surface, most often in knit goods, made with a heavy and soft-spun back yarn, which is napped in finishing (e.g. the inside surface of a sweatshirt). 2). Wool sheared from sheep or...
Dyes for cotton and other cellulosic fibres that are based on suphur chemistry. Can be difficult to achieve top fastness performance but good results possible from selected dyes. Application method...

Companies for Cloth:


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