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What is "Cloth" - Definition & Explanation

Cloth or fabric is a flexible artificial material made up of a network of natural or artificial fibres (thread or yarn) formed by weaving or knitting (textiles), or pressed into felt. Cloth is most often used in the manufacture of clothing, household furnishings, and art such as tapestry. Before the advent of woven cloth, the functions of textiles were fulfilled by furs and skins.

In the past, all cloth was made from natural fibres, including plant sources such as such as as cotton, flax, and hemp, and animal sources such as wool, hair, and silk. In the 20th century, these were supplemented by artificial fibres such as polyester and rayon.

Cloth is most often dyed, with fabrics available in every colour. Coloured designs in fabric can be created by weaving strands of different colours (plaid) and adding coloured stitches to finished fabric (embroidery), but also by using various printing processes on finished fabric.

Cloth is made in many varying strengths and degrees of durability, from the finest gossamer fabrics to sturdy canvas sailcloths. The relative thickness of fibres in cloth is measured in deniers. Microfiber refers to fibers made of strands thinner than one denier.

Used in its broad sense, cloth is synonymous with the terms fabric, material, and goods. It is anything made from a raw material that has been constructed by weaving, knitting, plaiting, braiding, or needling.
A Generic Term Embracing Most Textile Fabrics. The Term Was Originally Applied To Wool Fabric Suitable For Clothing.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Results when all or some of the needles on circular knitting fail to function and fabric either falls off the machine or design is completely disrupted or destroyed. Many knitting needles are broken...
A warp-faced piece-dyed twill fabric that has a stout texture and a higher number of threads per centimetre in the warp than in the weft. NOTE: Some drills are made with five-end satin weave and it...
A finishing process to produce a pattern on a fabric by passing it through a calender in which a heated metal bowl engraved with the pattern works against a relatively soft bowl built up of...
Fabric that has been processed by dyeing, printing, applying of special resins and finishes, and is ready for market. Finishing: The process of dyeing, printing, etc.. of greige goods....
(Dye-variant fibers) Fibers, natural, or man-made, so treated or modified in composition that their affinity for dyes becomes changed; ie, to be reserved, dye lighter, or dye darker than normal...

Companies for Cloth:


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