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What is "Matelasse" - Definition & Explanation

(mat-la-zay) A compound woven pattern of fabric, often with a thin padding sewn to it in decorative stitch lines . From the French matelasse which means padded and quilted.
It is a figured or ornamented double or treble cloth using wadding threads to give a raised appearance to the figure.
A fancy double woven or compound fabric that has the appearance of being padded, puckered or quilted. It is usually woven on a jacquard loom. Used for upholstery, drapery, vests. Lighter weights are used for dresses and other apparel.
French for 'cushioned or padded' and is made on a jacquard or dobby loom, in double cloth weave. This term refers to the type of weave. It is a triple-woven medium to heavyweight luxury fabric fabric made in a double cloth construction to create a blistered or quilted surface. The pattern stands out and gives a 'pouch' or 'quilted' effect to the goods. Crepe yarn in double weave shrinks during finishing causing a blistering effect. Gives good wear and drapes well. If washable, it must be laundered with care. It is very attractive and suits quite plain styles. Some cotton matelasse is used for bedspreads, dresses, suits, or ensembles.
A jacquard fabric woven with heavy "stuffer" filling yarns to create a puffed quilted effect.
A dobby or jacquard cotton fabric. The pattern stands out to give a quilted look for bedspreads and other home fabrics, or fine apparel fabrics.
The French word "Matelasser" means to quilt, to pad. This fabric is woven similar to a brocatelle, having two warps, which in weaving, achieves a puckered or quilted effect.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The Jacquard loom was the first machine to use punch cards. It uses punched cards to control the pattern being woven. It is a form of dobby loom, where individual harnesses can be raised and lowered...
The thin compressed edge of a woven fabric which runs parallel to the warp yarns and prevents raveling. It is usually woven, utilizing tougher yarns and a tighter construction than the rest of the...
A Process Of Patterning Cloth By Tie-dyeing In Which The Design Is Reserved On The Undyed Cloth By Tying Small Spots Very Tightly With Thread To Protect Them From The Dye. Especially Popular In...
A manufactured fiber that uses cellulose refined from cotton and/or wood pulp. Characteristics: fast drying, wrinkle- and shrinkage-resistant, crisp or soft depending on end use, luxurious in...
Similar to shantung, this textured fabric is recognized by irregular-sized, thick fibers woven into the base fabric. Fibers that create the texture, are thicker and heavier than those used in...

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