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What is "Matelasse" - Definition & Explanation

(mat-la-zay) A compound woven pattern of fabric, often with a thin padding sewn to it in decorative stitch lines . From the French matelasse which means padded and quilted.
It is a figured or ornamented double or treble cloth using wadding threads to give a raised appearance to the figure.
A fancy double woven or compound fabric that has the appearance of being padded, puckered or quilted. It is usually woven on a jacquard loom. Used for upholstery, drapery, vests. Lighter weights are used for dresses and other apparel.
French for 'cushioned or padded' and is made on a jacquard or dobby loom, in double cloth weave. This term refers to the type of weave. It is a triple-woven medium to heavyweight luxury fabric fabric made in a double cloth construction to create a blistered or quilted surface. The pattern stands out and gives a 'pouch' or 'quilted' effect to the goods. Crepe yarn in double weave shrinks during finishing causing a blistering effect. Gives good wear and drapes well. If washable, it must be laundered with care. It is very attractive and suits quite plain styles. Some cotton matelasse is used for bedspreads, dresses, suits, or ensembles.
A jacquard fabric woven with heavy "stuffer" filling yarns to create a puffed quilted effect.
A dobby or jacquard cotton fabric. The pattern stands out to give a quilted look for bedspreads and other home fabrics, or fine apparel fabrics.
The French word "Matelasser" means to quilt, to pad. This fabric is woven similar to a brocatelle, having two warps, which in weaving, achieves a puckered or quilted effect.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Frieze is a coarse woollen cloth with a nap on one side, that was raised by scrubbing it to raise curls of fibre (French: frisÚ). In the 19th century rough cheap frieze was made of wool mixed with...
Tyres reinforced by layers of tyre cord fabric arranged alternately so that the main load bearing yarns lie at an angle of less than 90░ to the plane in which the tyre rotates and yarns of adjacent...
General term for a chair with a wooden seat and separate leg assembly and spindle back. Originated in the 17 century around Windsor, England and also popular in America. For other types of chairs,...
Cotton fabrics which have been dry finished by raising fibers on the surface to produce a fuzzy fur-like feel and appearance created when fiber ends extend from the basic fabric structure to the...
A double-faced fabric woven with a tightly twisted spun warp and two sets of soft spun filling yarns. The fabric is thick and warm and its filling yarns are frequently napped to produce a soft...

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