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What is "Matelasse" - Definition & Explanation

(mat-la-zay) A compound woven pattern of fabric, often with a thin padding sewn to it in decorative stitch lines . From the French matelasse which means padded and quilted.
It is a figured or ornamented double or treble cloth using wadding threads to give a raised appearance to the figure.
A fancy double woven or compound fabric that has the appearance of being padded, puckered or quilted. It is usually woven on a jacquard loom. Used for upholstery, drapery, vests. Lighter weights are used for dresses and other apparel.
French for 'cushioned or padded' and is made on a jacquard or dobby loom, in double cloth weave. This term refers to the type of weave. It is a triple-woven medium to heavyweight luxury fabric fabric made in a double cloth construction to create a blistered or quilted surface. The pattern stands out and gives a 'pouch' or 'quilted' effect to the goods. Crepe yarn in double weave shrinks during finishing causing a blistering effect. Gives good wear and drapes well. If washable, it must be laundered with care. It is very attractive and suits quite plain styles. Some cotton matelasse is used for bedspreads, dresses, suits, or ensembles.
A jacquard fabric woven with heavy "stuffer" filling yarns to create a puffed quilted effect.
A dobby or jacquard cotton fabric. The pattern stands out to give a quilted look for bedspreads and other home fabrics, or fine apparel fabrics.
The French word "Matelasser" means to quilt, to pad. This fabric is woven similar to a brocatelle, having two warps, which in weaving, achieves a puckered or quilted effect.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A silk, rayon, or manufactured fiber necktie fabric with a broken rib weave and a characteristic pebbly appearance. A fine, dress fabric with a silk warp and worsted filling, woven in a broken...
silk or rayon. Figured weave or "burnt-out" finish. Faconne in French, means fancy weave. Has small designs all over the fabric. Fairly light in weight, and could be slightly creped. Background is...
A variation on the twill weave construction in which a broken check effect is produced by a variation in the pattern of interlacing yarns, utilizing at least two different colored yarns. This check...
Colors like red, orange, and yellow are called warm colors. They are advancing in nature because, as seen by the eye, these colors move closer thereby reducing the size of an object. Warm colors are...
A tough medium to heavyweight coarsely woven plain weave fabric, usually made of a cotton or cotton/poly blend. Lower grades of the unfinished fabric are used for such industrial purposes as bags,...

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