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What is "Matelasse" - Definition & Explanation

(mat-la-zay) A compound woven pattern of fabric, often with a thin padding sewn to it in decorative stitch lines . From the French matelasse which means padded and quilted.
It is a figured or ornamented double or treble cloth using wadding threads to give a raised appearance to the figure.
A fancy double woven or compound fabric that has the appearance of being padded, puckered or quilted. It is usually woven on a jacquard loom. Used for upholstery, drapery, vests. Lighter weights are used for dresses and other apparel.
French for 'cushioned or padded' and is made on a jacquard or dobby loom, in double cloth weave. This term refers to the type of weave. It is a triple-woven medium to heavyweight luxury fabric fabric made in a double cloth construction to create a blistered or quilted surface. The pattern stands out and gives a 'pouch' or 'quilted' effect to the goods. Crepe yarn in double weave shrinks during finishing causing a blistering effect. Gives good wear and drapes well. If washable, it must be laundered with care. It is very attractive and suits quite plain styles. Some cotton matelasse is used for bedspreads, dresses, suits, or ensembles.
A jacquard fabric woven with heavy "stuffer" filling yarns to create a puffed quilted effect.
A dobby or jacquard cotton fabric. The pattern stands out to give a quilted look for bedspreads and other home fabrics, or fine apparel fabrics.
The French word "Matelasser" means to quilt, to pad. This fabric is woven similar to a brocatelle, having two warps, which in weaving, achieves a puckered or quilted effect.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A woven fabric generally of cotton or a cotton blend with a short, dense pile resembling velvet. Velveteen differs from velvet in that it is usually made with cotton, it generally has a shorter pile...
To hem a piece of cloth (in sewing), a garment workerfolds up a cut edge, folds it up again, and then sews it down. The process of hemming thus completely encloses the cut edge in cloth, so that it...
Two or more yarns (at least one of which is folded) (see yarn, doubled) that have been twisted together in one or more operations. NOTE: a) Combinations of folded yarns and single yarns may be...
satin-back crepe, crepe-satin, or satin-crepe) satin weave on the face and a crepe effect on the back obtained with twisted crepe yarns in the filling - 2 or 3 times as many ends as picks per inch....
A belt is a flexible band, made of either leather or a type of cloth, worn around the waist, normally serving the purpose of supporting the clothing material, particularly trousers. A belt has been...

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