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What is "pH" - Definition & Explanation

pH is the measure of acidity or alkalinity of a substance. On a scale of 0-14, 7 is neutral (neither acid nor alkaline). Lower than 7 is acidic (gives up a hydrogen atom when added to water) and greater than 7 is alkaline (a base), giving up OH (hydroxide) when added to water. The further away the number is from 7, the "stronger" it is. Each fabric has a preferred pH. PH is also used in water-based cleaning as some soils yield to different pH solutions.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fabric in which certain yarns project from a foundation texture and form a pile on the surface. Pile yarns may be cut or uncut in the fabric. Corduroy and velveteen are examples of cut filling pile...
Private label products or services are typically those manufactured or provided by one company for offer under another company's brand. Private label goods and services are available in all...
A lightweight fabric with a thick, heavy fleece-like surface. It may be a pile or napped fabric, or either woven or knit construction. End uses include coats, jackets, blankets, etc. Fleece fabrics...
Refers to an open weave fabric. In a leno weave the warp yarns are arranged in pairs, twisting or interlocking around the filling yarn to prevent slippage and make the open weave stronger and more...
That side of a fabric, which is intended to be shown by reason of weave or finish, presents a better appearance. In many fabrics, especially industrial ones there are no distinction between face and...

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