TextileGlossary.com

What is "pH" - Definition & Explanation

pH is the measure of acidity or alkalinity of a substance. On a scale of 0-14, 7 is neutral (neither acid nor alkaline). Lower than 7 is acidic (gives up a hydrogen atom when added to water) and greater than 7 is alkaline (a base), giving up OH (hydroxide) when added to water. The further away the number is from 7, the "stronger" it is. Each fabric has a preferred pH. PH is also used in water-based cleaning as some soils yield to different pH solutions.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

(Woven Fabrics) A number that indicates the extent to which the area of a fabric is covered by one set of threads. For any woven fabric, there are two cover factors: a warp cover factor and a weft...
A term used to describe fabrics which have been joined together through the use of a high-strength reinforcing scrim or base fabrics between two plies of flexible thermoplastic film.. It can a bonded...
The fleece comes from a Cashmere goat. These animals roam at high elevations (10,000-15,000 ft.), hence their very warm, soft fleece. Garments made with cashmere are normally more expensive because...
The process of applying dye to fabric on a continuous basis rather on a batchwise process. Uses less energy and water that batchwise processes in principle but there are long periods of time when the...
Rich Jacquard-woven fabric with all-over interwoven design of raised figures of flowers. Name derived from French meaning to “ornament.” Often gives an embossed appearance by contrasting surfaces,...

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