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What is "Tweed" - Definition & Explanation

A soft thick fabric, woven from contrasting woolen yarns
Woolen homespun material originally from Scotland, the term now applies to a large group of woolen goods woven in twill, plain or herringbone weave.
A homespun effect created by multi or monochromatic colored yarns woven on plain looms. The fabric is usually wool or worsted and often has a rough texture.
It is a woolen cloth which is manufactured in a wide variety of forms ranging from fine to coarse textures. Main areas of application include suitings and over coatings.
Originally, a coarse, heavyweight, rough surfaced wool fabric for outerwear, woven in Scotland. The term is now applied to fabrics made in a wide range of weights and qualities, generally from woollen spun yarns.
Generally made of wool, but can also be fabricated from cotton, rayon, silk, linen, and synthetics. Tweed is the Scotch name for twill and originated along the banks of the Tweed river, which separates England from Scotland. It is sometimes known as 'tweel' and is similar to homespun cheviot and shetland. They are the same in texture, yarn, weight, feel, and use. Tweed was originally only made from different colored stock-dyed fibers, producing various color effects. The tweed fabric family consists of a wide range of rough surfaced, sturdy fabrics. There are also some closely woven, smoother, softer yarn fabrics, and many monotone tweeds. Tweed may also be plaid, checked, striped, or have other patterns. It does not hold a crease very well. Typically used in a wide range of suits, coats, and sportswear for men, women and children.
A medium to heavy weight, fluffy, woolen, twill weave fabric containing colored slubbed yarns. Common end-uses include coats and suits.
A general term describing strong, rough texture fabrics with mixed color effects. Traditionally wool but tweeds of various fibers are now made. Used for coats, suits, jackets, drapery, upholstery.
(Harris) - All are hand woven on the islands off the northern coast of Scotland (Outer Hebrides). Harris Tweed was originally woven from hand-spun yarn. When damp, it smells mossy and smoky.
Tweed is a type of fabric using the twill weave.
A term broadly applied to the sturdier types of fabricsmade of the coarser grades of wool. Tweed fabricsoriginally derived their interest from the coloreffectsobtained by mixing stock-dyedwools. More recently the term includes monotones, which derivetheir interestfrom weave effects. The most popular weaves fortweedsare the plain, the twill, and variations of thelatter. Nowalsomade of other fibers.
Thick woolen fabric used for clothing; originated in Scotland
Flannel: (usually in the plural) trousers made of flannel or gabardine or tweed or white cloth.
A rough, irregular, soft and flexible, unfinished shaggy woollen named for the tweed river that separates England from Scotland. It is made of a two-and-two twill weave, right-hand or left-hand in structure. Outstanding tweeds include Bannockburn, English, Harris, Irish, Linton, Manx, Scotch and Donegal.
A course heavy weight woollen fabric originating from Scotland. More commonly applied nowadays to a wider range of woollen fabrics.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A type of finish applied to a textile fabric and that prevents the spreading of globules of water over its surface. NOTE: The term is normally not applied to a water-repellent finish that is...
A plain, closely woven, inexpensive cloth, usually cotton or a cotton/manufactured fiber blend, characteristically having figured patterns on a white or contrasting background. Calico is typically...
A shirt is a sort of top, i.e. a piece of clothing used to cover the trunk of the body. In the UK, it refers almost specially to what Americans call a dress shirt, i.e. a garment with a collar and a...
Obstructive airway disease in people who work with unprocessed cotton, flax, or hemp; caused by reaction to material in the dust and thought to include endotoxin from bacterial contamination....
A general classification of strong, firm, closely woven fabrics usually made with cotton. A heavier, open weave comprised of plied yarns (a number of single yarns, usually three, twisted together)....

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