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What is "Tweed" - Definition & Explanation

A soft thick fabric, woven from contrasting woolen yarns
Woolen homespun material originally from Scotland, the term now applies to a large group of woolen goods woven in twill, plain or herringbone weave.
A homespun effect created by multi or monochromatic colored yarns woven on plain looms. The fabric is usually wool or worsted and often has a rough texture.
It is a woolen cloth which is manufactured in a wide variety of forms ranging from fine to coarse textures. Main areas of application include suitings and over coatings.
Originally, a coarse, heavyweight, rough surfaced wool fabric for outerwear, woven in Scotland. The term is now applied to fabrics made in a wide range of weights and qualities, generally from woollen spun yarns.
Generally made of wool, but can also be fabricated from cotton, rayon, silk, linen, and synthetics. Tweed is the Scotch name for twill and originated along the banks of the Tweed river, which separates England from Scotland. It is sometimes known as 'tweel' and is similar to homespun cheviot and shetland. They are the same in texture, yarn, weight, feel, and use. Tweed was originally only made from different colored stock-dyed fibers, producing various color effects. The tweed fabric family consists of a wide range of rough surfaced, sturdy fabrics. There are also some closely woven, smoother, softer yarn fabrics, and many monotone tweeds. Tweed may also be plaid, checked, striped, or have other patterns. It does not hold a crease very well. Typically used in a wide range of suits, coats, and sportswear for men, women and children.
A medium to heavy weight, fluffy, woolen, twill weave fabric containing colored slubbed yarns. Common end-uses include coats and suits.
A general term describing strong, rough texture fabrics with mixed color effects. Traditionally wool but tweeds of various fibers are now made. Used for coats, suits, jackets, drapery, upholstery.
(Harris) - All are hand woven on the islands off the northern coast of Scotland (Outer Hebrides). Harris Tweed was originally woven from hand-spun yarn. When damp, it smells mossy and smoky.
Tweed is a type of fabric using the twill weave.
A term broadly applied to the sturdier types of fabricsmade of the coarser grades of wool. Tweed fabricsoriginally derived their interest from the coloreffectsobtained by mixing stock-dyedwools. More recently the term includes monotones, which derivetheir interestfrom weave effects. The most popular weaves fortweedsare the plain, the twill, and variations of thelatter. Nowalsomade of other fibers.
Thick woolen fabric used for clothing; originated in Scotland
Flannel: (usually in the plural) trousers made of flannel or gabardine or tweed or white cloth.
A rough, irregular, soft and flexible, unfinished shaggy woollen named for the tweed river that separates England from Scotland. It is made of a two-and-two twill weave, right-hand or left-hand in structure. Outstanding tweeds include Bannockburn, English, Harris, Irish, Linton, Manx, Scotch and Donegal.
A course heavy weight woollen fabric originating from Scotland. More commonly applied nowadays to a wider range of woollen fabrics.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Break a temporary interference with the growth of the wool, causing a marked thinning of all or a proportion of the fibre population, and producing distinct weaknesses in one part of the staple. It...
a) A multi-filament yarn with no twist. NOTE: The term is still used in respect of these yarns after a small amount of twist has been introduced by subsequent processing, e.g. as in over-end...
A woven fabric with corded yarns spaced at regular intervals in both the warp and filling, forming squares on the surface of the fabric. Originally intended so a tear in the fabric would not spread....
This final operation in yarn manufacture consists of the drawing, twisting, and the winding or the newly spun yarn onto a device such as a bobbin, spindle, cop. tube. cheese, etc. Spinning requires...
The consistent interloping of yarns in the jersey stitch to produce a fabric with a smooth, flat face, and a more textured, but uniform back. Jersey fabrics may be produced on either circular of flat...

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