What is "Abrasion" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 17-May-2023 (1 year, 1 month, 7 days ago)
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Abrasion in Textile: Decoding Wear and Tear for Lasting Fabrics

Abrasion in Textile: Exploring its Meaning, Types, and Applications

Abrasion is a critical concept in the textile industry that refers to the process of wear and tear on fabrics due to frictional forces. It plays a crucial role in determining the durability, performance, and lifespan of textile materials. This comprehensive article delves into the meaning and origin of abrasion, explores different types of abrasion, provides tips for handling abrasion-related issues, and profiles some of the top international users and manufacturers in the industry.

Meaning and Origin

Abrasion, in the context of textiles, is the process of surface damage caused by repeated rubbing or scraping against another surface. It can occur during various stages, including fabric production, garment manufacturing, and everyday use. The concept of abrasion in textiles has been recognized and studied for centuries as humans sought to understand and enhance the performance of textile materials.

Types of Abrasion

Abrasion can manifest in different forms, depending on the specific factors involved. Here are some common types:

  1. Wool Abrasion: Wool fibers are susceptible to abrasion due to their unique structure and delicate nature. The friction between wool fibers can lead to pilling, which affects the fabric's appearance and texture.
  2. Flex Abrasion: Flex abrasion occurs when a fabric repeatedly bends and flexes, leading to surface damage. This type of abrasion is common in garments and textile products that undergo frequent movement.
  3. Edge Abrasion: Edge abrasion refers to the wearing down of fabric edges due to friction against surfaces or other fabrics. It can lead to fraying and weakening of the fabric structure.
  4. Surface Abrasion: Surface abrasion occurs when a fabric comes into contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials. It can cause the fabric's surface to become rough, worn-out, or even torn.

Tips for Handling Abrasion

Addressing and minimizing abrasion-related issues in textiles require careful consideration and preventive measures. Here are some tips to handle abrasion effectively:

  • Fabric Selection: Choose fabrics with higher abrasion resistance for applications that require durability and longevity.
  • Reinforcement: Incorporate reinforcement techniques such as adding extra layers, using interlinings, or reinforcing high-stress areas to mitigate abrasion damage.
  • Proper Garment Construction: Employ appropriate stitching techniques and seam finishes to enhance the garment's strength and resistance to abrasion.
  • Care and Maintenance: Follow proper care instructions, including gentle washing, avoiding harsh chemicals, and appropriate storage, to minimize abrasion during everyday use and maintenance.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

A number of renowned international users and manufacturers prioritize abrasion resistance in their textile products. Here are five prominent companies in the textile industry:

  1. Patagonia: Patagonia is a leading outdoor clothing and gear brand known for its commitment to durability and sustainability. They incorporate abrasion-resistant fabrics in their products to ensure long-lasting performance in rugged environments.
  2. Teijin: Teijin is a multinational chemical and pharmaceutical company that manufactures high-performance materials, including abrasion-resistant textiles. Their products find applications in automotive, industrial, and protective gear sectors.
  3. Milliken & Company: Milliken & Company is a global textile manufacturer specializing in advanced performance fabrics. They offer abrasion-resistant solutions for various industries, including transportation, healthcare, and industrial.
  4. Polartec: Polartec is a leading fabric technology company that produces innovative and high-performance textiles. They develop abrasion-resistant fabrics for outdoor apparel, military, and workwear applications.
  5. Invista: Invista is a prominent producer of performance materials, including fibers like Cordura® that offer exceptional abrasion resistance. Their products are used in various industries, from outdoor gear to military applications.


Abrasion, an integral aspect of the textile industry, significantly impacts the durability and longevity of fabrics. By understanding the various types of abrasion and implementing proper handling techniques, textile professionals and consumers alike can enhance the performance and longevity of textile materials. The use of abrasion-resistant textiles by renowned international users and manufacturers demonstrates its importance in creating high-quality products for diverse applications.

The wearing away of any part of a material by rubbing against another surface.

Some other terms

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