What is "Barre" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 23-Feb-2023 (7 months, 1 day ago)
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Barre is a term commonly used in the textile industry to describe a defect or flaw that appears as a visible, repetitive streak or band in a fabric. It is characterized by variations in color, texture, or pattern that run parallel to the fabric's selvage, resulting in a striped or banded appearance. Barre can occur due to various factors in the manufacturing process and can affect the aesthetic appeal and quality of the fabric.

History and Origin

The history and origin of the term "Barre" in textiles can be traced back to the early days of textile production. The word "Barre" itself comes from the French language, where it means "bar" or "stripe." The term was adopted within the textile industry to describe the visible streaks or bands that appeared in fabrics.

Types of Barre

There are different types of Barre defects that can occur in fabrics:

  1. Color Barre: This type of Barre occurs when there are variations in color along the length of the fabric, resulting in visible stripes or bands of different shades.
  2. Texture Barre: Texture Barre is characterized by variations in the surface texture of the fabric, leading to noticeable bands or streaks with different tactile qualities.
  3. Pattern Barre: Pattern Barre refers to inconsistencies in the pattern or design of the fabric, causing repeated stripes or bands that deviate from the intended pattern.

Tips for Handling Barre

While Barre defects can be undesirable, there are certain tips for handling fabrics with Barre:

  1. Inspection: Thoroughly inspect the fabric for any visible Barre defects before cutting or sewing. This will help identify the areas affected and plan the layout accordingly.
  2. Pattern Placement: When cutting patterns, carefully consider the placement of the Barre to minimize its visibility in the finished garment or product.
  3. Alternate Layout: If the fabric has severe Barre defects, consider using an alternate layout or pattern that can camouflage or strategically incorporate the Barre into the design.
  4. Grading: If the Barre defect is less noticeable, grading the pattern pieces can help distribute the variation and minimize its visual impact.
  5. Post-Processing Techniques: Some fabrics with Barre defects can be improved through post-processing techniques like steaming, pressing, or washing, which may help reduce the visibility of the streaks or bands.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Several top international brands in the textile industry are known for their expertise in handling Barre defects and producing high-quality fabrics. Here are a few examples:

  1. Loro Piana: Loro Piana, an Italian luxury brand, is renowned for its exquisite fabrics and meticulous attention to detail. They specialize in producing fabrics with minimal defects, including Barre, ensuring the highest quality in their offerings.
  2. Erdos: Erdos, a leading cashmere manufacturer from Inner Mongolia, China, focuses on producing premium cashmere fabrics. They implement rigorous quality control measures to minimize Barre and other defects in their luxurious textiles.
  3. Liberty London: Liberty London, a British heritage brand, is famous for its distinctive prints and textiles. They have a reputation for producing fabrics with exceptional quality, meticulously addressing any Barre defects during the manufacturing process.
  4. Marimekko: Marimekko, a Finnish design house, is known for its bold patterns and vibrant fabrics. They have expertise in managing Barre and other defects, ensuring their textiles maintain their signature aesthetic.


In conclusion, Barre is a term used in the textile industry to describe a visible defect characterized by repetitive streaks or bands in a fabric. It can be caused by various factors during the manufacturing process and may affect the color, texture, or pattern of the fabric. By carefully inspecting, planning, and implementing appropriate techniques, Barre defects can be managed effectively. Top international users and manufacturers, such as Loro Piana, Erdos, Liberty London, and Marimekko, are renowned for their expertise in producing high-quality fabrics while minimizing Barre and other defects. Understanding Barre and employing strategies to handle it can contribute to the production of visually appealing and superior quality textiles.

Occurs in circular knit. Caused by mixing yarn on feed into machine. Fabric will appear to have horizontal streaks.
An imperfection, characterized by a ridge or mark running in the crosswise or lengthwise directions of the fabric. Barr?s can be caused by tension variations in the knitting process, poor quality yarns, problems during the finishing process.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fibre formed by the conjunction at a spinning jet, of two fibre-forming polymers of different properties. NOTE: a) The two components may be caused to merge approximately side by side...
A treatment of cotton yarn or fabric to increase its luster. Its affinity for dyes is also enhanced. In the process, the material is immersed under tension in a sodium hydroxide (caustic soda)...
Very soft and very light fabric with a silky hand. The fiber is obtained from the Alpaca goat. Alpaca resembles mohair and is often imitated in cheaper versions using wool and rayon blends. It is...
Rich Jacquard-woven fabric with all-over interwoven design of raised figures of flowers. Name derived from French meaning to ?ornament.? Often gives an embossed appearance by contrasting surfaces,...
Blend 53
The combination of two or more types of staple fibers and/or colors in one yarn. Blends are sometimes so intimate that It is difficult to distinguish component fibers in yarn or fabric. A highly...

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