TextileGlossary.com

What is "Basis Weight" - Definition & Explanation

The weight of a unit area of fabric. Examples are ounces per square yard and grams per square centimeter.
In the United States and Canada, the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called ream weight and substance weight (sub weight). In countries using ISO paper sizes, the weight, in grams, of one square metre of paper. Also called grammage and ream weight.
The weight of a unit area of fabric. Examples are ounces per square yard and grams per square centimeter. basket weave a variation of the plain weave in which two or more warp and filling threads are woven side by side to resemble a plaited basket. Fabrics have a loose construction and a flat appearance and are used for such things as monk's cloth and drapery fabrics.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A design effect created on a woven fabric by the use of extra yarns which are woven into the fabric at a certain spot then allowed to float over the fabric to the next spot. The float threads are...
Backstrap looms, as the name implies, are tied around the weaver's waist on one end and around a stationary object such as a tree, post, or door on the other. Tension can be adjusted simply by...
Preshrunk is a dry, permanent finish in which the fabric is washed in order to create a more stable fabric. Often this process allows the elasticity to become improved due to an increase in yarn...
A number, derived from the number of warp (or weft) threads per unit length and the linear density of the yarns, that indicates the extent to which the area of a woven fabric is covered by the warp...
The Traditional Indian Dress For The Lower Part Of The Body, Consisting Of A Piece Of Unstitched Cloth Draped Over The Hips And Legs. Worn In Various Ways In Different Parts Of The Country, Alike By...

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