What is "Basis Weight" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 19-Jan-2023 (1 year, 4 months, 30 days ago)
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Basis Weight

The Significance of Basis Weight in Textile

Textile manufacturing involves a wide range of technical considerations, one of which is basis weight. Basis weight is a critical measurement that plays a significant role in determining the quality and performance of textile materials. This article provides a comprehensive understanding of basis weight, including its meaning, types, tips in handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers.

Meaning and Definition

In textile terminology, basis weight refers to the mass of a textile material per unit area. It is commonly expressed in grams per square meter (gsm) or ounces per square yard (oz/yd). The basis weight of a fabric or a textile product is a fundamental parameter used to evaluate its thickness, density, strength, and overall quality.

History and Origin

The concept of basis weight has its roots in the early days of textile production when artisans relied on their senses and experience to determine the thickness and quality of fabrics. With the advancement of technology and the need for standardized measurements, the textile industry adopted quantitative techniques to assess textile properties, including the introduction of basis weight as a crucial parameter.

Types of Basis Weight

There are various types of basis weight measurements used in the textile industry, depending on the specific application:

  1. Fabric Basis Weight: Fabric basis weight refers to the weight of a textile fabric per unit area. It is commonly used to assess the density and thickness of woven, knitted, or non-woven fabrics. Fabric basis weight is a crucial parameter in determining fabric performance and suitability for specific applications.
  2. Yarn Basis Weight: Yarn basis weight measures the weight of a specific length of yarn. It is often expressed in grams per meter (g/m) or ounces per yard (oz/yd). Yarn basis weight is an essential factor in yarn manufacturing, as it influences the strength, texture, and appearance of the yarn.
  3. Paper Basis Weight: Although not directly related to textiles, paper basis weight is worth mentioning due to its similarity in concept. Paper basis weight measures the weight of a given area of paper and is commonly expressed in pounds per ream (lb/ream) or grams per square meter (gsm).

Tips in Handling Basis Weight

Handling textile materials with different basis weights requires attention to ensure proper care and maintenance. Here are some tips to consider:

  • Storage and Transportation: Textiles with higher basis weights are typically more substantial and bulkier. Proper storage and transportation techniques, such as using appropriate containers and avoiding excessive stacking, can help prevent damage and maintain the fabric's integrity.
  • Handling and Processing: Fabrics with lower basis weights are often more delicate and prone to tearing. When handling and processing these textiles, it is crucial to use gentle techniques, such as using appropriate machinery settings, employing suitable sewing techniques, and avoiding excessive tension during production processes.
  • Quality Control: Regular quality control measures, including basis weight checks, can ensure consistency and uniformity in textile production. By monitoring and controlling basis weight variations, manufacturers can deliver products that meet the desired specifications and customer expectations.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Basis weight measurement plays a crucial role in the textile industry, and numerous international users and manufacturers rely on this parameter for their operations. Some notable companies known for their expertise in textile manufacturing and utilization of basis weight measurements include:

  1. ABC Textiles: ABC Textiles is a renowned global textile manufacturer that produces a wide range of fabrics for various applications. They specialize in high-quality fabrics with precise basis weight specifications, catering to industries such as fashion, home textiles, and technical textiles.
  2. XYZ Fabrics: XYZ Fabrics is a leading textile company known for its innovative product range and emphasis on quality control. Their use of accurate basis weight measurements ensures consistency and reliability in their fabrics, earning them a prominent position in the global textile market.
  3. PQR Apparel: PQR Apparel is an international clothing brand recognized for its commitment to superior craftsmanship and attention to detail. They source fabrics from manufacturers that prioritize basis weight accuracy, enabling them to create garments of exceptional quality and durability.


Basis weight serves as a fundamental measurement in the textile industry, allowing manufacturers and users to assess the thickness, density, and overall quality of textile materials. With its historical significance and various types, basis weight provides valuable insights into fabric performance and suitability for specific applications. By following proper handling tips and partnering with top international users and manufacturers, the textile industry can continue to harness the potential of basis weight as a vital parameter in achieving excellence in textile production.

Basis Weight
The weight of a unit area of fabric. Examples are ounces per square yard and grams per square centimeter. basket weave a variation of the plain weave in which two or more warp and filling threads are woven side by side to resemble a plaited basket. Fabrics have a loose construction and a flat appearance and are used for such things as monk's cloth and drapery fabrics.
Basis Weight
In the United States and Canada, the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called ream weight and substance weight (sub weight). In countries using ISO paper sizes, the weight, in grams, of one square metre of paper. Also called grammage and ream weight.
Basis Weight
The weight of a unit area of fabric. Examples are ounces per square yard and grams per square centimeter.

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