TextileGlossary.com

What is "Lace" - Definition & Explanation

Fine open-work fabric with a mesh ground upon which patterns are worked.
The term comes from the old French, las, by way of Latin, laquens, which means a noose, or to ensnare - rather well adapted to lace. A single yarn can produce a plaited or braided fabric or article since it will interlace, entwine, and twist in several directions to produce a porous material or lace.
An openwork fabric produced by a network of threads, twisted together and sometimes knotted, to form patterns. It is made by hand, with needles, with hooks or by machinery.
An ornamental braid for trimming.
Lace-making is an ancient craft. A lace fabric is lightweight openwork fabric, patterned, either by machine or by hand, with open holes in the work. The holes can be formed via removal of threads or cloth from a previously woven fabric, but more often lace is built up from a single thread and the open spaces are created as part of the lace fabric.
Lace-making is an ancient craft. A lace fabric is lightweight openwork fabric, patterned, either by machine or by hand, with open holes in the work. The holes can be formed via removal of threads or cloth from a previously woven fabric, but more often lace is built up from a single thread and the open spaces are created as part of the lace fabric.

Needle lace
The most time-consuming but the most flexible of the lace-making arts, needle lace is regarded by purists as the height of lace-making. There are many types of needle lace i.e. lace made using a needle and thread. Some of these laces can be made much more quickly than the finest of bobbin laces. On the other hand, some antique needle lace is made from a very fine thread that is not manufactured today.
Bobbin lace
As the name suggests, bobbin lace is made with bobbins and pillows. The bobbins, turned from wood, bone or plastic, hold threads which are woven together and held in place with pins stuck in the pattern on the pillow. The pillows contain straw, preferably oat straw or other materials such as sawdust, insulation styrofoam or ethafoam. Bobbin lace can also be made using copper or silver wire instead of thread.
Cutwork
Cutwork, or whitework, is lace which is constructed by removing threads from a woven background, and the remaining threads wrapped or filled with embroidery.
Crocheted lace
This includes Irish crochet. Knit lace
Knit lace includes Shetland lace, such as the "wedding ring shawl", a lace shawl so fine that it can be pulled through a wedding ring.
Tatting
Tatted lace is made with a shuttle.

A cotton fabric with a open work.
A decorative mesh of interlaced threadwork which is plaited, knotted, looped and turned to make either simple or complicated patterns and raised work. There are many different styles of lace, which has a long history of romance, and in some form or other it is very often included on a wedding gown. Alencon, Chantilly, Spanish and Venise are just a few of the many lacework types available.
As used in this work when referring to the trimming of gowns, lace is to be taken to mean bands of varying width of solid gold or silver metallic material, or black material, into which a distinctive design is woven.
A fabric made by weaving thread into an intricate, open design.
Open work fine fabric of a network of threads made in a variety of designs by intricate manipulation of the fiber by machine or hand.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A general classification of fabric characterized by a broad range of crinkled or gained surface effects. Methods of making crepe include the use of hard twisted yarns, special chemical treatment,...
a) Descriptive of worsted yarns produced from dry-combed top. b) Descriptive of coarse linen yarn spun from air-dry roving (q.v.) c) Descriptive of man-made filaments the coagulation of which is...
The highest grade of material made from the best of stock: Saxony, Silesia, or Australia merino wool. Two up and one down twill weave is used. Cloth must be even and smooth for its use as covering...
A lightweight, wind resistant, and water resistant plain weave fabric. Large rib yarns stop tears without adding excess weight to active sportswear apparel and outdoor equipment such as sleeping bags...
(PLA Fiber) A synthetic substance produced from the fermentation of plant sugars derived primarily from corn, which is then made into a fiber. Lightweight, hypoallergenic, and providing more UV...

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