TextileGlossary.com

What is "Bombazine" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 02-Mar-2023 (1 year, 3 months, 12 days ago)
Share on FacebookShare on Twitter
Bombazine
Bombazine is a fabric that holds a significant place in the history of textiles. It is a twilled or corded fabric known for its distinctive lustrous appearance and its excellent draping qualities. The term "bombazine" is derived from the obsolete French word "bombasin," which means "a cotton cloth."

Characterized by a combination of silk and wool or cotton, bombazine fabric typically consists of a silk warp (lengthwise threads) and a worsted wool or cotton weft (crosswise threads). This blend creates a fabric that is both durable and lightweight, making it suitable for various applications, particularly in the realm of fashion.

The production process of bombazine involves weaving the silk and worsted wool or cotton threads in a twill or diagonal pattern. This weaving technique enhances the fabric's resilience and lends it a distinct diagonal ribbed texture. The fabric's lustrous appearance is further accentuated by the use of high-quality silk threads, giving bombazine a sophisticated and luxurious aesthetic.

Bombazine has historically been associated with mourning attire due to its dark colors and somber elegance. In the Victorian era, it was a popular choice for mourning clothes and was often dyed in shades of black. The fabric's dense weave made it suitable for creating garments that were durable and provided a sense of formality and dignity during periods of mourning.

Apart from mourning wear, bombazine has also been utilized in other fashion applications. It has been used for formal evening wear, such as gowns and dresses, thanks to its elegant drape and luxurious appearance. The fabric's versatility extends to upholstery and interior decoration, where it has been employed for curtains, cushions, and other home furnishings.

In terms of its top users and manufacturers, several notable textile companies have produced bombazine fabric over the years. One renowned manufacturer is William Hollins & Company, a British textile firm established in the early 19th century. The company specialized in producing bombazine and became renowned for its high-quality fabrics.

Other manufacturers of bombazine included notable names such as Thomas Houldsworth & Sons, a Manchester-based textile company known for its production of various fabrics, including bombazine. Additionally, the firm Lister & Co. also played a significant role in the manufacturing of bombazine in the late 19th century.

As for the top users of bombazine, they were primarily individuals seeking elegant and formal attire. Wealthy individuals, especially those in mourning, would commission garments made from bombazine due to its luxurious appeal and association with dignity. The fabric's use extended to the middle class as well, particularly for occasions demanding a sophisticated and refined appearance.

While bombazine has a rich historical background, its popularity has diminished over time due to changing fashion trends and the availability of alternative fabrics. Nonetheless, it remains an important part of textile history and continues to be appreciated for its unique characteristics and associations with mourning attire and formalwear.
Bombazine
Bombazine is a fabric originally made of silk or silk and wool, and now also made of cotton and wool or of wool alone. It is twilled or corded and used for dress-material.
Bombazine
Bombazine usually has silk or rayon warp and worsted filling. Imitations are made in cotton. Plain or twill. Very fine English fabric. Name comes from Latin "bombycinum" which means a silk in texture. It is one of the oldest materials known and was originally all-silk. When dyed black it is used in the mourning cloth trade.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Embroidery is an ancient variety of decorative needlework in which designs and pictures are created by stitching strands of some material on to a layer of another material. Most embroidery uses...
A fibre formed by the conjunction at a spinning jet, of two fibre-forming polymers of different properties. NOTE: a) The two components may be caused to merge approximately side by side...
Crepe-back satin is a type of fabric that combines the smooth, shiny surface of satin with the textured, crinkled surface of crepe. It is a popular choice for high-end fashion garments, such as...
Drills 43
These are warp faced cotton fabrics woven with 3,4, and 5 thread warp faced twills and 5 thread satin, with the twill lines running opposite to the direction of the twist of the warp yarn. Thus a...
Cotton fabrics which have been dry finished by raising fibers on the surface to produce a fuzzy fur-like feel and appearance created when fiber ends extend from the basic fabric structure to the...

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Companies for Bombazine:

If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Bombazine, please fill your company details below so that we can list your company for FREE! Send us the following details:
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Attach a logo, if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

(s) 2024 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap