TextileGlossary.com

What is "Bombazine" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 02-Mar-2023 (11 months, 25 days ago)
Share on FacebookShare on Twitter
Bombazine
Bombazine is a fabric that holds a significant place in the history of textiles. It is a twilled or corded fabric known for its distinctive lustrous appearance and its excellent draping qualities. The term "bombazine" is derived from the obsolete French word "bombasin," which means "a cotton cloth."

Characterized by a combination of silk and wool or cotton, bombazine fabric typically consists of a silk warp (lengthwise threads) and a worsted wool or cotton weft (crosswise threads). This blend creates a fabric that is both durable and lightweight, making it suitable for various applications, particularly in the realm of fashion.

The production process of bombazine involves weaving the silk and worsted wool or cotton threads in a twill or diagonal pattern. This weaving technique enhances the fabric's resilience and lends it a distinct diagonal ribbed texture. The fabric's lustrous appearance is further accentuated by the use of high-quality silk threads, giving bombazine a sophisticated and luxurious aesthetic.

Bombazine has historically been associated with mourning attire due to its dark colors and somber elegance. In the Victorian era, it was a popular choice for mourning clothes and was often dyed in shades of black. The fabric's dense weave made it suitable for creating garments that were durable and provided a sense of formality and dignity during periods of mourning.

Apart from mourning wear, bombazine has also been utilized in other fashion applications. It has been used for formal evening wear, such as gowns and dresses, thanks to its elegant drape and luxurious appearance. The fabric's versatility extends to upholstery and interior decoration, where it has been employed for curtains, cushions, and other home furnishings.

In terms of its top users and manufacturers, several notable textile companies have produced bombazine fabric over the years. One renowned manufacturer is William Hollins & Company, a British textile firm established in the early 19th century. The company specialized in producing bombazine and became renowned for its high-quality fabrics.

Other manufacturers of bombazine included notable names such as Thomas Houldsworth & Sons, a Manchester-based textile company known for its production of various fabrics, including bombazine. Additionally, the firm Lister & Co. also played a significant role in the manufacturing of bombazine in the late 19th century.

As for the top users of bombazine, they were primarily individuals seeking elegant and formal attire. Wealthy individuals, especially those in mourning, would commission garments made from bombazine due to its luxurious appeal and association with dignity. The fabric's use extended to the middle class as well, particularly for occasions demanding a sophisticated and refined appearance.

While bombazine has a rich historical background, its popularity has diminished over time due to changing fashion trends and the availability of alternative fabrics. Nonetheless, it remains an important part of textile history and continues to be appreciated for its unique characteristics and associations with mourning attire and formalwear.
Bombazine
Bombazine is a fabric originally made of silk or silk and wool, and now also made of cotton and wool or of wool alone. It is twilled or corded and used for dress-material.
Bombazine
Bombazine usually has silk or rayon warp and worsted filling. Imitations are made in cotton. Plain or twill. Very fine English fabric. Name comes from Latin "bombycinum" which means a silk in texture. It is one of the oldest materials known and was originally all-silk. When dyed black it is used in the mourning cloth trade.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Moire 62
Silk, rayon, or cotton in a plain or crosswise rib weave. It has a watermarked finish that is fairly stiff with body in most cases. It is produced by passing the fabric between engraved cylinders...
A hand printing method using wood, metal, or linoleum blocks. The design is carved on the blocks, one block for each color. The dye is applied to the block which is pressed or hammered against the...
The highest grade of material made from the best of stock ? Saxony, Silesia, or Australia merino wool. Two-up and one-down twill weave is used. Set in the reed at 144 inches and finished at about...
Return 40
Distance or portion of a curtain rod that extends beyond the bracket and meets back at the wall. A return conceals the working parts of the hardware and prevents daylight from coming in between the...
Pi?a 51
A fiber made from the leaves of a pineapple and is commonly used in the Philippines. It is sometimes combined with silk or polyester to create a textile fabric. The end fabric is lightweight, easy to...

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Companies for Bombazine:

If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Bombazine, please fill your company details below so that we can list your company for FREE! Send us the following details:
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Attach a logo, if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

(s) 2024 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap