What is "Brushing" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 25-Apr-2023 (7 months, 3 days ago)
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Brushing is a textile finishing process that involves running the fabric through brushes or other abrasive surfaces to create a soft, fluffy, and textured surface. This process can be applied to various types of fabrics, including cotton, wool, synthetic fibers, and blends.

During brushing, the fabric is fed through a machine that has one or more rollers covered with wire bristles, abrasive paper, or other materials. The fabric passes between the rollers, and the bristles or abrasive surface rub against the surface of the fabric, raising the fibers and creating a nap. The process can be repeated multiple times to achieve the desired level of softness and texture.

There are several benefits to brushing. First, it can create a softer and more comfortable feel, which is especially desirable for fabrics used in clothing and bedding. Second, brushing can increase the insulation properties of the fabric by trapping air between the raised fibers. Third, it can give the fabric a more luxurious appearance, making it suitable for high-end products.

Brushing is commonly used in the production of flannel, fleece, and other fabrics that require a soft and fluffy surface. Brushed flannel, for example, is a popular choice for pajamas and other sleepwear due to its softness and warmth. Fleece, on the other hand, is a popular material for outerwear and athletic wear due to its insulating properties and moisture-wicking abilities.

Several companies specialize in brushing services for textiles. One such company is Brushing Service, Inc., based in the United States. The company offers brushing services for a wide range of fabrics, including cotton, wool, and synthetic blends. Another company, Tietex International, offers brushing services as part of its fabric production process. The company produces brushed fabrics for a variety of industries, including automotive, bedding, and apparel.

It is worth noting that brushing can have some drawbacks as well. For example, it can cause pilling, or the formation of small balls of fibers on the surface of the fabric. Pilling can occur when the raised fibers rub against each other, especially in areas of high friction such as sleeves and pant legs. Additionally, brushing can cause the fabric to shed, which can be problematic for some applications.

To mitigate these issues, manufacturers may use different brushing techniques or modify the fabric composition. For example, blending synthetic fibers with natural fibers can help reduce pilling and shedding. Manufacturers may also use different types of bristles or abrasive surfaces to achieve the desired effect without damaging the fabric.

In conclusion, brushing is a textile finishing process that can create a soft, fluffy, and textured surface on various types of fabrics. It is commonly used in the production of flannel, fleece, and other fabrics that require a soft and comfortable feel. While brushing can have some drawbacks, such as pilling and shedding, these issues can be mitigated through careful selection of materials and techniques.
A finishing process for knit or woven fabrics in which brushes or other abrading devices are used on a loosely constructed fabric to permit the fibers in the yarns to be raised to create a nap on fabrics or create a novelty surface texture.
A finishing process for woven or knit fabrics in which brushes or other abrading elements are used to raise a nap (a fuzzy or downy surface). Brushed fabrics have a soft, slightly weathered, broken-in feel.
A finishing process used on knit or woven fabrics where abrading devices are used to raise a nap to produce a novelty textured effect.
A method of producing a fabric where the fibres are brushed and teased, producing a hairy surface on the surface of the fabric.
The process which involves passing of the material over one or several brushes to give it a raised look.

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