Canton flannel is a type of textile that is widely used for various applications, including clothing, bedding, and industrial purposes. It is a medium-weight, plain-woven fabric that typically consists of a cotton warp (lengthwise yarns) and a wool or cotton weft (crosswise yarns). The fabric is known for its softness, durability, and warmth, making it a popular choice in colder climates or for insulating purposes.
The term "Canton" in Canton flannel refers to the city of Canton (now Guangzhou) in China, which was a major trading hub during the 18th and 19th centuries. The fabric gained popularity in the West due to its excellent quality and performance. Although the production of Canton flannel is no longer limited to China, the name has stuck, and it continues to be associated with this particular type of fabric.
Canton flannel is known for its brushed surface, which gives it a fuzzy texture and enhances its insulating properties. The brushing process involves raising the fibers on one or both sides of the fabric, creating a nap that traps air and provides additional warmth. This makes Canton flannel an excellent choice for winter clothing, blankets, and bedding, as it offers comfort and protection against the cold.
One of the key characteristics of Canton flannel is its versatility. It is available in various weights, ranging from lightweight to heavy, depending on the intended use. Lighter weight Canton flannel is often used for shirts, pajamas, and linings, while heavier weights are suitable for outerwear, workwear, and industrial applications where durability and insulation are important.
The top users of Canton flannel include both individual consumers and various industries. In terms of individual consumers, Canton flannel is often favored for its softness and warmth in items such as pajamas, robes, and blankets. It is also commonly used for children's sleepwear due to its comfort and fire-resistant properties.
In industrial settings, Canton flannel is highly valued for its durability and ability to withstand harsh conditions. It is commonly used in manufacturing applications, such as polishing and buffing, as well as for machine and equipment cleaning. The fabric's absorbency and resistance to abrasion make it suitable for industrial wiping and filtering purposes.
There are several manufacturers that specialize in producing Canton flannel. Some notable names in the industry include Burlington Industries, Faribault Woolen Mill Co., and Bemidji Woolen Mills. These manufacturers have a long history of producing high-quality Canton flannel, leveraging their expertise and experience to create fabrics that meet the specific needs of their customers.
Burlington Industries, for example, is a leading textile company that produces a wide range of fabrics, including Canton flannel. They are known for their commitment to innovation, sustainability, and meeting the diverse demands of their customers. Faribault Woolen Mill Co. and Bemidji Woolen Mills, on the other hand, are renowned for their heritage and craftsmanship in producing wool-based textiles, including Canton flannel.
In conclusion, Canton flannel is a versatile fabric known for its softness, durability, and warmth. It finds applications in various industries and is appreciated by individual consumers for its comfort and insulating properties. With its rich history and continued production by reputable manufacturers, Canton flannel remains a popular choice for a wide range of textile products.
made from cotton with a four harness warp-faced twill weave. The filling yarn is a very loosely twisted and soft and later brushed to produce a soft nap on the back, the warp is medium in size. The face is twill and the fabric is heavy, warm, strong and absorbent. Named for Canton, China where it was first made. Comes bleached, unbleached, dyed, and some is printed. Used in interlinings, sleeping garments, linings, coverings, work gloves.