What is "Chambray" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 18-May-2023 (4 months, 17 days ago)
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Chambray is a type of fabric that is similar to denim, but is much lighter in weight and has a finer weave. It is typically made from cotton or a cotton blend, and is known for its soft, breathable texture and versatile style. Chambray is commonly used in the manufacturing of clothing, particularly shirts and blouses, but can also be used for other textile applications.

The term "chambray" is thought to have originated from the town of Cambrai in northern France, where a similar type of fabric was produced in the 16th century. However, the modern chambray fabric that we know today is believed to have been developed in the United States in the late 19th century. At that time, chambray was used primarily for work shirts and other utilitarian garments.

Chambray fabric is made using a plain weave, in which the weft (horizontal) threads are woven over and under the warp (vertical) threads in a simple, alternating pattern. The result is a fabric that is lightweight and breathable, with a slightly irregular texture that gives it a unique character.

One of the key advantages of chambray fabric is its versatility. It can be dressed up or down, depending on the occasion, and can be worn in a variety of different settings. Chambray shirts, for example, are a popular choice for both casual and business casual attire, and can be worn with jeans, khakis, or dress pants.

In India, chambray fabric is produced by a number of different textile manufacturers, including Raymonds, Arvind Limited, and Alok Industries. These companies produce a range of chambray fabrics in different weights, colors, and textures, and supply them to clothing manufacturers and designers throughout the country.

Chambray fabric is particularly popular in India for use in traditional clothing, such as kurtas and sarees. These garments are often made from lightweight chambray fabrics in pastel shades, which are ideal for the hot, humid climate of the country. Chambray fabric is also used in the manufacturing of Western-style clothing, such as shirts and dresses, and is popular among both men and women.

Overall, chambray is a versatile and stylish fabric that is suitable for a wide range of textile applications. Its soft, breathable texture and unique character make it a popular choice for clothing manufacturers and designers around the world, including in India where it is used by many top textile companies.
A plain woven fabric that can be made from cotton, silk, or manufactured fibers, but is most commonly cotton. It incorporates a colored warp (often blue) and white filling yarns. Typically has a plain weave or dobby designs on a plain-weave ground and is made with a dyed warp and a white or unbleached filling. Both carded and combed yarns used. Has a white selvedge. Some chambray is woven with alternating white and colored warp. Naturally has a 'faded' look and very soft coloring. Some is made with stripes, checks or embroidered. Smooth, strong, closely woven, soft and has a slight luster. It wears well, is easy to sew, and launders well. It wrinkles easily. Chambray riginated in Cobrai, France, where it was first made for sunbonnets and is used for children's wear, dresses, shirts and blouses, aprons, all kinds of sportswear.
A plain-woven spun fabric, almost square (i.e., 80 x 76), with a colored warp and a white filling. Lightweight chambrays are used for shirts, dresses, and children's clothes.

A similar but heavier fabric of carded yarn, used for work clothing.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Coat 45
A coat (a term frequently interchangeable with jacket) is an outer garment worn by both men and women, for warmth or fashion. Coats typically have long sleeves and open down the front, closing by...
Beret 67
A beret is a soft round cap with a flat crown and is normally worn by both men and women. The cap fits snugly around the head, and the soft crown can be shaped in a variety of ways. It is commonly...
The operation of dividing the wide sheet of cotton FIBERS coming from the DOFFING CYLINDER of the CARDING MACHINE into a number of narrow ribbon-like strands which, when acted upon by the leather...
Results from uneven wetting out on sanforize; usually caused by defective spray heads. Fabric will appear wavy or puckering when spread on cutting table. Difficult to detect while inspecting on...
Splits 56
Two or more lengths of fabric that are woven side by side and subsequently separated from each other by cutting along lines formed by leaving one or more dents. NOTE: Fraying at the cut edges may...

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