TextileGlossary.com

What is "Dart" - Definition & Explanation

(cut-in) - An open dart cut in approximately 12' under the armhole.
(panel) - A panel sewn full length to the front that is used for waist suppression.
(front or double) - An additional closed dart located toward the front edge of the garment, used to get maximum waist suppression.
A tuck in the fabric that is sewn. It is used to define the shape of a garment making a two dimensional piece of fabric into a three-dimensional garment. Darts are usually seen where the body curves: bust, waist, hip.

Darts are straight stitch lines that connect areas of fabric that must fit properly to the body. For example, darts may take in bulk in the center back of a man's fitted shirt. They may be placed at back shoulders to allow the shirt to be looser at the shoulder blades, but taper in up at the shoulder seam. They can also be placed on the sides or under the bustline. The top of a skirt often has darts to allow the skirt to be full at the hips, but taper in at the waist.

A dart starts and stops without creating any puckers in the fabric. In other words, the dart lies flat on the fabric. When sewing a dart, careful tapering from the largest part of the dart, to the end of the dart, is important. If you abruptly end a dart, you will get puckering. A dart is made by folding the fabric, and then sewing from one end of the dart to the other end of the dart.

An amount of excess fabric taken in, as a means of creating a shape that will fit over body curves.
A dart creates a curve in the fabric and allows the fabric to conform to the shape of the body. The darts in a garment are what make the garment fit. The adjustment of darts for varied shapes is crucial to proper garment construction. The most common places for darts are in the bust and buttock areas.
Stitched fabric fold, tapering at one end, used to shape flat fabric to the contours of the figure. Dominant color - The main color of a quilt. Dropped shoulder - Design with shoulder extended over the top of the arm.
A stitched fold in the fabric that tapers from a seam to point to the fullest part of the body. Used to create shape and control fullness.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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Crepe effect appears in direction of the warp and achieved by alternate S and Z, or slack, tension, or different degrees of twist. Originally a wool crepe but now made of silk and rayon. It is much...
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Soft, white, closely woven cotton fabric calendered to achieve a high glaze. Used mainly for pocket linings, underwear, aprons, shirts, and handkerchiefs. Originally made in Cambrai, France of...

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