What is "Chino" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 10-Mar-2023 (11 months, 24 days ago)
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Chino is a type of cotton twill fabric that is widely used in clothing manufacturing. It is a sturdy and durable fabric that is characterized by its unique diagonal weave pattern, which gives it a distinctive look and feel. The term "chino" is believed to have originated from the Spanish word for "Chinese," as the fabric was first imported from China to the United States in the late 19th century.

Chino fabric is typically made from 100% cotton, although some blends with synthetic fibers may be used to improve its performance characteristics. The yarns used to make chino fabric are tightly twisted to produce a strong, durable fabric that can withstand wear and tear. This also creates a slightly ribbed texture that gives chino its signature look.

Chino fabric can come in various weights, but it is generally considered to be a mid-weight fabric, making it suitable for use in a wide range of garments. It is commonly used to make trousers, shorts, jackets, and casual shirts, among other items. Chino fabric is also known for its versatility, as it can be easily dyed and printed, and can be finished in a range of textures and patterns.

One of the key features of chino fabric is its breathability. The cotton fibers used to make chino allow air to circulate through the fabric, keeping the wearer cool and comfortable in warm weather. Chino fabric is also known for its ability to wick moisture away from the skin, which helps to keep the wearer dry and comfortable during physical activity.

Chino fabric is also resistant to wrinkles and creases, making it a popular choice for travel and for those who don't have the time or inclination to iron their clothes. Additionally, chino fabric can be treated with special finishes to make it more water-resistant or stain-resistant, which makes it suitable for use in outdoor apparel.

In terms of care, chino fabric is relatively easy to care for. It can be machine-washed and dried, and it does not require special ironing or pressing. However, because of its unique texture, chino fabric may be prone to snags and pulls, so it should be handled with care.

Chino fabric has a long and storied history, having been used for military uniforms during both World War I and II. It has since become a staple fabric in casual and business casual clothing, favored for its comfort, durability, and versatility. Chino fabric also offers a wide range of color options, from classic khaki and beige tones to brighter and more vibrant shades, making it a popular choice for a variety of different styles and aesthetics.
A cotton fabric of a left-handed twill. Combined two-ply warp and filling. Has a sheen that remains. Fabric was purchased in China (thus the name) by the U.S. Army for uniforms. Originally used for army cloth in England many years before and dyed olive-drab. Fabric is mercerized and sanforized. Washes and wears extremely well with a minimum of care. Now you know the history of the popular chino slacks.
Classic all-cotton ?Army twill? fabric made of combed two-ply yarns. Usually vat dyed, mercerized, and Sanforized. Used traditionally for army uniforms, chino is now finding popularity in fashion fields.
A cotton or cotton blend twill used by armies throughout the world for summer-weight uniforms.
Chino is frequently dyed khaki.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A hand method of dyeing that involves gathering small portions of the fabric and tying them tightly before dyeing. The tied areas resist penetration of the dye, resulting in irregular patterns. Also...
These weaves give the characteristic single-diagonal lines noted on the face of the cloth. There are twice as many threads per inch in the warp than there are in the weft. Because of the twist in the...
Decorative trim is a type of textile embellishment that is used to add visual interest and texture to clothing, home decor items, and other types of textiles. It is typically made from a variety of...
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Coir 704
Coir (from Malayalam kayaru - cord) is a coarse fibre extracted from husk, the fibrous outer shell of a coconut. Structure The individual fibre cells are narrow and hollow, with thick walls made of...

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