TextileGlossary.com

What is "Cloth" - Definition & Explanation

Cloth or fabric is a flexible artificial material made up of a network of natural or artificial fibres (thread or yarn) formed by weaving or knitting (textiles), or pressed into felt. Cloth is most often used in the manufacture of clothing, household furnishings, and art such as tapestry. Before the advent of woven cloth, the functions of textiles were fulfilled by furs and skins.

In the past, all cloth was made from natural fibres, including plant sources such as such as as cotton, flax, and hemp, and animal sources such as wool, hair, and silk. In the 20th century, these were supplemented by artificial fibres such as polyester and rayon.

Cloth is most often dyed, with fabrics available in every colour. Coloured designs in fabric can be created by weaving strands of different colours (plaid) and adding coloured stitches to finished fabric (embroidery), but also by using various printing processes on finished fabric.

Cloth is made in many varying strengths and degrees of durability, from the finest gossamer fabrics to sturdy canvas sailcloths. The relative thickness of fibres in cloth is measured in deniers. Microfiber refers to fibers made of strands thinner than one denier.

Used in its broad sense, cloth is synonymous with the terms fabric, material, and goods. It is anything made from a raw material that has been constructed by weaving, knitting, plaiting, braiding, or needling.
A Generic Term Embracing Most Textile Fabrics. The Term Was Originally Applied To Wool Fabric Suitable For Clothing.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A tightly woven plain weave ribbed fabric with a hard slightly lustered surface. The ribbed effect is created by weaving a finer silk or manufactured warp yarn with a heavier filler yarn, usually...
The yarn numbering system based on length and weight originally used for cotton yarns and now employed for most staple yarns spun on the cotton, or short-staple, system. It is based on a unit length...
One of the plain weave variations, which is formed by using: 1) heavy yarns in the warp or filling direction, or 2) a substantially higher number of yarns per inch in one direction than in the other,...
A mechanical treatment that uses beetlers or fallers to give fabric surfaces a flattened appearance. The spaces between warp and filling are covered up and tend to produce a high gloss to the...
Referring to the arrangement or character of the yarns on the surface of the fabric. Often used to describe fabrics with surface interest the result of using novelty yarns or novelty weaves such as...

Companies for Cloth:


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