Combed yarn is a type of yarn produced through a specialized process known as combing, which involves the removal of short fibers and impurities from the longer staple fibers. The combed yarn is known for its superior quality, strength, and smoothness, making it highly desirable for the production of high-end textiles and garments.
The process of producing combed yarn begins with selecting long staple fibers, such as cotton, wool, or flax, that have a minimum length requirement. These fibers are carefully cleaned to remove any dirt, debris, or other impurities. The next step is carding, where the fibers are aligned in a parallel arrangement to form a thin, continuous web known as a carded sliver.
After carding, the sliver undergoes the combing process. In combing, the sliver is passed through a set of closely spaced metal teeth called combs. The combs have fine, short bristles that trap and remove the shorter fibers, also known as noils, as well as any remaining impurities. The combing process aligns the longer fibers in a more uniform and parallel manner, resulting in a smoother, finer, and stronger yarn.
Combed yarn offers several advantages over regular or carded yarn. Firstly, the removal of short fibers and impurities during the combing process reduces yarn irregularities, resulting in a more consistent and even yarn. This enhances the fabric's appearance, reduces pilling, and improves the fabric's ability to withstand wear and tear.
Secondly, the combing process helps to increase the strength of the yarn. By eliminating weaker and shorter fibers, the resulting combed yarn is stronger and less prone to breakage. This is particularly important for fabrics that require durability, such as bed linens, denim, and upholstery fabrics.
Thirdly, combed yarn has a smoother surface and a softer feel compared to regular yarn. This makes it highly desirable for producing luxurious and comfortable textiles, including fine shirting fabrics, high-quality knitwear, and premium bed sheets.
Top users and manufacturers of combed yarn include renowned textile mills, luxury clothing brands, and high-end fabric retailers. These companies often prioritize quality and utilize combed yarn to create premium textiles and garments that cater to discerning customers.
One example of a prominent user of combed yarn is the luxury fashion brand, Ralph Lauren. Known for its sophisticated designs and attention to detail, Ralph Lauren often sources high-quality materials, including combed cotton yarn, to create their luxurious garments and home textiles.
Another well-known textile manufacturer that specializes in combed yarn is Parkdale Mills. Parkdale is one of the largest and most respected yarn spinners in the United States, producing a wide range of yarns, including combed cotton yarn. Their combed yarn products are used by various clothing manufacturers and retailers that value the exceptional quality and performance of combed yarn.
Furthermore, companies like Gildan Activewear and Hanesbrands are also leading users of combed yarn. They incorporate combed cotton yarn in their products to ensure softness, durability, and comfort.
In summary, combed yarn is a premium type of yarn produced through a meticulous combing process that removes short fibers and impurities. It offers superior quality, strength, and smoothness, making it highly sought after by luxury clothing brands, textile mills, and fabric retailers. The use of combed yarn allows for the creation of high-end textiles and garments that are known for their consistency, durability, and luxurious feel.