Covered yarn is a specialized type of yarn used in the textile industry that consists of a core yarn wrapped or "covered" with another yarn or filament. It is created by encasing the core yarn with one or more wrapping threads or filaments, forming a protective layer around the core. This wrapping can be done using various techniques, including twisting, wrapping, or braiding.
Covered yarn is widely used in the production of a variety of textiles, including hosiery, lingerie, activewear, and technical fabrics. The choice of core yarn and wrapping material depends on the desired characteristics of the final fabric, such as stretchability, strength, durability, and appearance.
Types of Covered Yarn
There are several types of covered yarn, each with its unique characteristics and applications:
- Spandex Covered Yarn: In this type, a core yarn, often made of polyester or nylon, is covered with spandex or elastane. Spandex-covered yarns provide excellent stretch and recovery properties, making them suitable for stretchable fabrics like sportswear, swimwear, and intimate apparel.
- Rubber Covered Yarn: Rubber-covered yarns feature a rubber filament or thread as the covering material. These yarns offer superior elasticity and are commonly used in applications where high stretchability is required, such as in elastic bands, waistbands, and socks.
- Texturized Covered Yarn: Texturized covered yarns are created by covering a core yarn with a textured or crimped filament. This type of covered yarn adds bulk and texture to fabrics, enhancing their aesthetic appeal. It is often used in upholstery, home furnishings, and decorative textiles.
- Metallic Covered Yarn: Metallic covered yarns consist of a core yarn covered with a metallic or metallized thread. These yarns add a shimmering or reflective effect to fabrics, making them suitable for decorative purposes, festive wear, and fashion accessories.
- Core-Spun Covered Yarn: Core-spun covered yarns have a core made of a different fiber, such as cotton or polyester, which is covered with a wrapping thread. This type combines the characteristics of the core and wrapping material, offering a blend of comfort, strength, and other desired properties.
Top International Users and Manufacturers
Covered yarn is utilized by several top international users and manufacturers in the textile industry. Here are some notable examples:
- Wolford: Wolford, an Austrian luxury hosiery and lingerie brand, incorporates covered yarn in its products, ensuring excellent fit, durability, and comfort.
- Spanx: Spanx, a leading brand in shaping and compression garments, utilizes covered yarn to provide seamless and supportive solutions for body shaping.
- Pierre Mantoux: Pierre Mantoux, an Italian hosiery brand, specializes in producing high-quality stockings and tights using covered yarn, offering a combination of elegance and durability.
- Nilit: Nilit, an Israeli manufacturer, produces covered yarns, including spandex-covered and polyamide-covered yarns, catering to various applications in the apparel and textile industries.
- Hyosung: Hyosung, a South Korean textile company, is known for its spandex-covered yarns that provide exceptional elasticity and recovery properties for sportswear, activewear, and intimate apparel.
- Teijin: Teijin, a Japanese company, offers a range of covered yarns, including texturized and metallic varieties, contributing to the development of innovative and functional textiles.
Tips in Handling Covered Yarn
Handling covered yarn requires certain considerations to ensure optimal performance and longevity:
- When storing covered yarn, protect it from direct sunlight and excessive heat, as these factors can potentially weaken the yarn's properties.
- Handle covered yarn gently to prevent snagging or tangling, which can cause damage to the wrapping material or affect the integrity of the core yarn.
- Follow the care instructions provided by the manufacturer to maintain the yarn's quality and appearance. Some covered yarns may require specific washing or drying methods.
- When using covered yarn in sewing or knitting projects, choose appropriate needles or hooks that won't snag or split the yarn.
- Consider the specific properties of the covered yarn, such as stretch or texture, when selecting suitable stitch patterns or techniques for optimal results.
Covered yarn plays a vital role in the textile industry, offering versatility, functionality, and aesthetic appeal to a wide range of fabrics and garments. With various types available, each with its unique characteristics, covered yarn provides designers and manufacturers with the flexibility to create textiles that meet specific performance requirements. Internationally recognized brands and manufacturers leverage covered yarn to produce high-quality products, ensuring durability, comfort, and style. Proper handling and care are crucial to maximize the longevity and performance of covered yarn. As the demand for innovative and high-performance textiles continues to grow, covered yarn remains an essential component in the development of advanced and functional fabrics.