TextileGlossary.com

What is "Drawing" - Definition & Explanation

Operations by which slivers (q.v.) are blended (or doubled), levelled and, by drafting (q.v.), reduced to the stage of roving (q.v.) (In the cotton industry, the term is applied exclusively to processing at one machine, namely the draw frame).
NOTE:
Various systems of drawing are practised but, with the advent of man-made staple fibres and recent machinery development, the boundaries between the various systems are becoming less distinct. In the worsted industry, the systems differ mainly within the means of fibre control between the major pairs of drafting rollers and the methods of driving the spindles and bobbins, if these are employed.
The various worsted systems are:
a) American system (oil-combed tops).
b) Anglo-continental system (oil-combed tops). d) Continental system (dry-combed tops).
e) Open system (oil-combed tops).
f) Raper system (oil-combed tops)
The process of threading the WARP filaments from a beam through the heddles and reed of a loom in the order indicated on a design draft.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A finishing process that brings the fabric in contact with sandpaper or another abrasive material. This may be done to raise surface fiber, impart a peached or sueded hand or to create a surface...
The density of a material divided by the density of water. Expressed as a number greater than 0. Materials with specific gravity less than 1.00 will float and materials with specific gravity greater...
A mechanical treatment that uses beetlers or fallers to give fabric surfaces a flattened appearance. The spaces between warp and filling are covered up and tend to produce a high gloss to the...
A finishing process in which a substance - like rubber, resin or synthetic compounds - covers the fabric on one or both sides. Polyurethane is a common coating for outerwear. Coating typically aids...
A twill weave in silk, rayon, or very fine, worsted cotton. A very soft, light fabric that is noted for its soft finish and feel. It is usually printed with small figures on a dark or light...

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