TextileGlossary.com

What is "Dye" - Definition & Explanation

(Piece) - Dyeing of the fabric into solid colors after weaving or knitting.
(Yarn) - Dyeing of the yarn into solid colors before weaving or knitting.
A colorant that has substantively (q.v.) for a substrate, either inherent or induced by reactants.
A dye can generally be described as a coloured substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. The dye is usually used as an aqueous solution, and may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dye on the fibre. In contrast, a pigment generally has no affinity for the substrate, and is insoluble.
A colorant that becomes molecularly dispersed at some point during application to fiber and exhibits some degree of permanence. There are many application classes of dyes, including acid dyes, disperse dyes, reactive dyes, and natural dyes. Dyes may be generally divided into natural and synthetic types. Natural dyes are obtained from berries, flowers, roots, bark and more. Synthetic dyes are chemical compounds.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming substance is any long chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of an ester of a substituted aromatic carboxylic acid, including but...
A tissue paper made without chemicals that would destroy the fabric fibers. Air erasable pen - A type of temporary marking pen which usually disappears within forty-eight hours. Album quilts -...
Furniture design that stressed simplicity of form, which was first employed by English furniture maker Charles L. Eastlake in 1868. An Eastlake chair usually has rounded front legs on casters,...
A lightweight, wind resistant, and water resistant plain weave fabric. Large rib yarns stop tears without adding excess weight to active sportswear apparel and outdoor equipment such as sleeping bags...
a) A multi-filament yarn with no twist. NOTE: The term is still used in respect of these yarns after a small amount of twist has been introduced by subsequent processing, e.g. as in over-end...

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