TextileGlossary.com

What is "Dye" - Definition & Explanation

(Piece) - Dyeing of the fabric into solid colors after weaving or knitting.
(Yarn) - Dyeing of the yarn into solid colors before weaving or knitting.
A colorant that has substantively (q.v.) for a substrate, either inherent or induced by reactants.
A dye can generally be described as a coloured substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. The dye is usually used as an aqueous solution, and may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dye on the fibre. In contrast, a pigment generally has no affinity for the substrate, and is insoluble.
A colorant that becomes molecularly dispersed at some point during application to fiber and exhibits some degree of permanence. There are many application classes of dyes, including acid dyes, disperse dyes, reactive dyes, and natural dyes. Dyes may be generally divided into natural and synthetic types. Natural dyes are obtained from berries, flowers, roots, bark and more. Synthetic dyes are chemical compounds.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A decorative weave, characterized by small figures, usually geometric, that are woven into the fabric structure. Dobbies may be of any weight or compactness, with yarns ranging from very fine to...
A design for menís drawers in which the pattern calls for additional fabric to be provided in the rear panels. This creates a "balloon" effect over the seat, providing for ease of movement with less...
A general classification of strong, firm, closely woven fabrics usually made with cotton. A heavier, open weave comprised of plied yarns (a number of single yarns, usually three, twisted together)....
Foam finishing is an alternate process for applying wet finishes in which the finishing chemical is applied as foam, using air as a diluter instead of water. This process reduces energy and water...
Denotes the spacing of ends or picks, or both, and is expressed as the number of threads per centimetre. NOTE: The state of the fabric at the time should be described, e.g. loom, grey,...

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