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What is "Elastomeric Yarn" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 15-Apr-2024 ( ago)
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Elastomeric Yarn: Transforming the Fabric of the Textile Industry


Unveiling the Intricacies of 'Elastomeric Yarn' in the Textile Industry

History and Origin of Elastomeric Yarn

The advent of elastomeric yarn dates back to the mid-20th century, with the development of synthetic fibers. Derived from the word 'elastic,' denoting its stretchable nature, and 'mer,' signifying units, 'elastomeric' refers to polymers exhibiting viscoelasticity. This revolutionary textile product, which combines flexibility and durability, has drastically influenced the fashion industry, leading to the creation of comfortable, form-fitting, and enduring garments.

Types of Elastomeric Yarn

  • Spandex/Lycra: This synthetic fiber is renowned for its exceptional elasticity, often used in sports and fitness clothing.
  • Latex: Latex yarns are natural, highly flexible, but less durable compared to other elastomeric yarns.
  • Lastol: This is a heat-resistant, synthetic elastomer yarn designed for applications requiring high durability and elasticity under intense conditions.
  • Elastoester: This is a block copolymer type of yarn, notable for its superior recovery properties and resistance to heat and chemicals.
  • Rubber: As a natural elastomer, rubber provides high elasticity but lower resilience and wash durability than synthetic variants.

Tips for Handling Elastomeric Yarn

  • Elastomeric yarns should ideally be washed in cold or lukewarm water to prevent damage or shrinkage.
  • Avoid exposure to heat when drying garments made from elastomeric yarns, as heat can degrade the material.
  • To maintain the yarn's elasticity, refrain from using bleach or harsh detergents.

Major International Manufacturers and Users

  • DuPont: The inventor of Lycra, DuPont, is a leading manufacturer of elastomeric yarns and has made significant contributions to the textile industry with their innovations.
  • Hyosung Corporation: Known for their brand Creora, Hyosung Corporation is a prominent South Korean producer of elastomeric yarns.
  • Asahi Kasei Corporation: This Japanese manufacturer produces an elastomeric yarn known as Roica, noted for its superior elasticity and heat resistance.
  • Radicigroup: An Italian multinational, Radicigroup produces a variety of synthetic fibers, including Dorlastan, an elastomeric yarn.
  • Indorama Ventures: This global Thai corporation manufactures Elastane yarns, demonstrating significant contributions to the world of stretchable fabrics.

Applications of Elastomeric Yarn

  • Apparel: Used in various garments, from activewear to swimwear, elastomeric yarns provide fit, comfort, and durability.
  • Medical Textiles: These yarns are used in medical textiles like bandages and compression garments due to their elasticity and resilience.
  • Furniture and Home Dcor: Elastomeric yarns contribute to the production of stretchable furniture covers and other home dcor items.

Conclusion

The pivotal role of elastomeric yarn within the textile industry cannot be understated. By merging durability with elasticity, it has redefined garment construction, paving the way for innovative design and improved comfort. Its applications extend beyond apparel, permeating various sectors such as medicine and home dcor. As we navigate the future of textiles, the evolution of elastomeric yarns, in response to changing market needs and technological advancements, will continue to hold immense significance. Ultimately, elastomeric yarn embodies the dynamic and evolving character of the textile industry and stands as a testament to human ingenuity and innovation.


Elastomeric Yarn
A Yarn Formed From An Elastomer.,
Note 1: Elastomeric Yarn May Either Be Incorporated Into Fabric In The Bare State Or Wrapped With Relatively Inextensible Fibres. Wrapping Is Done By Covering (see Covered Yarn), Core Spinning Or Uptwisting.,
Note 2: Examples Are Elastane And Elastodiene Yarns.
Elastomeric Yarn
A yarn formed from an elastomer. Elastomeric yarn may either be incorporated into fabric in the bare state or wrapped with relatively inextensible fibres. Wrapping is done by covering, core spinning or uptwisting. Elastan and elastodiene yarns are examples.
Elastomeric Yarn
A yarn formed from an elastomer.

Some other terms

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A layer of foam usually polyurethane, PVC or latex is bonded to the fabric with adhesive or fused to the fabric with heat. Generally results in a 'breathable' fabric. Used for footwear, outerwear and...
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