What is "End" - Definition & Explanation

In the context of textile manufacturing, an "end" refers to a single strand or filament of a continuous yarn. It is the smallest unit of yarn that can be woven or knitted into fabric. The term "end" is commonly used to describe both individual filaments and the total number of filaments in a fabric.

When manufacturing yarn, fibers are spun together to create a continuous strand. This strand is then wound onto a bobbin or cone, forming a package known as a yarn package. Within the yarn package, multiple strands of yarn are wound parallel to each other. Each of these individual strands is called an end.

The number of ends in a fabric refers to the total count of individual strands of yarn that are present in a given width of the fabric. It is an important factor in determining the density, strength, and appearance of the fabric. Fabrics with a higher end count generally have a denser construction and are more resistant to wear and tear. The number of ends can vary depending on the type of fabric being produced and the desired characteristics of the final product.

The top users and manufacturers of ends in the textile industry include textile mills, apparel manufacturers, and home furnishing companies. These companies rely on ends to create a wide range of fabrics for various applications.

Textile mills are major users and manufacturers of ends. They produce yarns in various thicknesses and qualities, and the number of ends used in their production processes can vary significantly. Large textile mills often have sophisticated machinery capable of handling multiple ends simultaneously, enabling them to produce fabrics with high-end counts efficiently. These mills supply yarns and fabrics to other manufacturers and brands in the textile industry.

Apparel manufacturers utilize ends to create garments and accessories. They may choose fabrics with different end counts depending on the desired characteristics of the final product. For instance, fabrics with a higher end count are often preferred for more durable and long-lasting garments, while fabrics with lower end counts may be used for lighter and more breathable clothing.

Home furnishing companies also rely on ends to produce textiles for upholstery, curtains, beddings, and other household items. The choice of end count depends on factors such as the desired appearance, durability, and functionality of the fabric. For example, upholstery fabrics often have a higher end count to ensure strength and resistance to wear.

Top manufacturers of ends include large textile conglomerates and specialized yarn producers. Companies such as Shandong Ruyi Group, Indorama Ventures, and Parkdale Mills are known for their extensive yarn production capabilities and supply chains. These manufacturers cater to a wide range of customers and produce yarns with varying end counts to meet diverse industry needs.

In summary, an end in the textile industry refers to a single strand or filament of yarn, and the total number of ends in a fabric influences its density, strength, and appearance. Textile mills, apparel manufacturers, and home furnishing companies are among the top users and manufacturers of ends, relying on them to create a variety of fabrics for different applications.
a) Fabric

A length of finished fabric of less than a customary unit (piece) length.

b) Finishing

1. Each passage of a length of fabric through a machine, for example in jig-dyeing.

2. A joint between pieces of fabric caused by, for example, damage or short lengths in weaving, or damage in bleaching, dyeing and finishing.

c) Spinning

An individual strand.

d) Weaving

An individual warp thread.

1. An individual warp yarn. A warp is composed of a multitude of ends.
2. An individual sliver, slubbing, roving, yarn, thread, or cord.
3. A short length or remnant of fabric. enzyme finishing wet processes for textiles that employ enzymes that act as biological catalyst to achieve various effects. ...
1. An individual warp yarn in woven fabric.
2. An individual pile yarn in tufted carpet.
3. A roll end, or short length of carpet; or a remnant. The process of penetrating a bundle of fibers comprising a yarn with latex adhesive. Proper encapsulation prevents fuzzing or pilling.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A length of yarn on the surface of a woven fabric between two consecutive intersections of the yarn with the yarns woven at right angles to it. NOTE: A float is designated by the number of threads...
A twill whose name is derived from the Latin word Granum, which refers to the grainy quality of the textile. This granular quality is achieved by a broken twill weave. It is made of a cotton warp and...
An added section of fabric in a shirt or pants that enhances the fit. On a shirt, the yoke is usually on the back across the top shoulder area but can also be on the front shoulder to chest area. On...
Fabric extension, also known as fabric elongation or fabric stretch, is a crucial characteristic of textile materials that plays an important role in determining their performance and suitability for...
A tightly woven jacquard fabric with a warp effect in the figure which is raised to give a puffed appearance. The puff effect is created by several kinds of fillings', tension weaving of a linen: or...

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