What is "Flange" - Definition & Explanation

In textile manufacturing, a flange refers to a type of fabric construction that involves the creation of a decorative or functional edge along one or more sides of a textile product. The flange is typically an extension of the main fabric that is folded over and secured, creating a raised or layered border. It serves both aesthetic and practical purposes, adding visual interest and structural stability to the textile item.

The construction of a flange involves folding a portion of the fabric over itself, creating a double layer that extends beyond the main body of the textile. The folded edge is then stitched or otherwise secured to keep it in place. The width of the flange can vary depending on the desired effect, ranging from a narrow strip to a more substantial border that significantly alters the overall appearance of the textile.

Flanges can be found in various textile products, including bedding, pillowcases, table linens, curtains, and garments. In bedding, for example, a flange is commonly used to create a decorative border on the top sheet, duvet cover, or pillowcases. It adds a touch of elegance and sophistication to the design, enhancing the overall aesthetic appeal of the bedding ensemble.

The practical function of a flange lies in providing structural support and reinforcement to the fabric. By doubling the fabric and securing the folded edge, the flange adds strength and durability to the textile item. It helps prevent fraying and extends the lifespan of the product, particularly in areas that are prone to wear and tear.

Top users and manufacturers of flanged textiles include both home textile brands and apparel manufacturers. In the home textile sector, companies such as Frette, Sferra, and Yves Delorme are known for their high-end bedding and table linens that feature intricate flange details. These brands often incorporate flanges as a signature design element, utilizing different fabric textures, colors, and widths to create unique and luxurious products.

In the apparel industry, flanges are commonly found in garments like dresses, blouses, and jackets. Designers and manufacturers who specialize in high-quality garments often incorporate flanges as a design feature to add interest and dimension to their creations. Brands such as Oscar de la Renta, Carolina Herrera, and Elie Saab have showcased flanges in their runway collections, demonstrating the versatility and artistic possibilities of this textile construction technique.

Flange manufacturing requires skilled craftsmanship and attention to detail. Textile mills and workshops equipped with advanced sewing and finishing techniques are typically responsible for producing flanged textiles. These facilities may work closely with designers and brands to bring their creative visions to life, ensuring that the flanges are executed with precision and finesse.

In conclusion, a flange in textile refers to a folded and secured edge that creates a decorative or functional border on various textile products. It adds aesthetic appeal, structural stability, and durability to the fabric, making it a popular design choice in both home textiles and apparel. Top users and manufacturers of flanged textiles include luxury bedding brands, home textile companies, and high-end fashion designers who value the intricate detailing and quality craftsmanship that flanges bring to their products.
Using fabric, a decorative finish sewn into a seam. To avoid the dog-ear affect a pellon may be inserted to stabilize the flange. Flannel A woolen fabric whose surface is slightly napped in finish.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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