What is "Flannel" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 30-Mar-2023 (1 year, 2 months ago)
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Flannel is a soft, woven fabric that is typically made from wool, cotton, or synthetic fibers. It is characterized by its raised surface, which is achieved through a process called napping. Flannel is often used to make warm, cozy garments, such as shirts, pajamas, and blankets.

The process of making flannel begins with the selection of fibers. Wool and cotton are the most commonly used fibers for flannel, although synthetic fibers such as polyester can also be used. The fibers are then spun into yarn, which is woven into a fabric using a plain or twill weave. After the fabric is woven, it undergoes a process called napping.

Napping is the process of raising the surface fibers of the fabric to create a soft, fuzzy texture. This is done by brushing the surface of the fabric with a metal brush or wire cards. The brushing process pulls up the fibers from the surface of the fabric, creating a pile. The pile is then cut to a uniform length, which creates a soft, fluffy surface. The napping process can be repeated multiple times to create a thicker pile and a softer texture.

The resulting fabric is typically heavier and denser than other types of cotton or wool fabrics, which makes it ideal for use in cold weather clothing and bedding. Flannel is known for its warmth and insulation properties, as the raised fibers trap heat close to the body.

Flannel can be made in a variety of colors and patterns, ranging from classic plaid designs to solid colors. The fabric can also be printed with a variety of patterns, such as polka dots, stripes, and floral designs.

In addition to its use in clothing and bedding, flannel is also used in a variety of other applications. For example, it can be used as a lining material in jackets and coats to provide added warmth and insulation. It is also used in the production of cleaning cloths and wiping rags, due to its absorbent properties and durability.

One of the advantages of flannel is its versatility. It can be made from a variety of fibers, which allows it to be used in a wide range of applications. Flannel is also highly durable and long-lasting, making it a popular choice for clothing and bedding that will see frequent use.

In conclusion, flannel is a soft, warm, and cozy fabric that is ideal for use in cold weather clothing and bedding. It is made by napping a woven fabric to create a soft, fuzzy texture. Flannel can be made from a variety of fibers and is known for its durability and long-lasting properties. It is also highly versatile, which allows it to be used in a wide range of applications.
A warm, soft fabric of wool, worsted, cotton or rayon made in tightly woven twill or plain weave and finished with a light napping. Flannel originated in Wales and has a soft, napped surface that partially cancels the weave. Has a dull finish and is made in a variety of weights. It is more loosely woven than worsted flannel with a higher nap and bulkier hand. Flannel shrinks if not pre-shrunk and sags with wear, unless underlined. Does not shine or hold a crease. Watch pressing - if pressed too hard, it flattens in the nap. Flannel comes in many colors, weights, and fancy effects. Sometimes has a prickly feel when worn.
Flannel is a fabric that is commonly used to make clothing and bedsheets. It is usually made from either wool, wool and cotton, or wool and synthetic fabric. The term "flannel" is also often used to refer directly to the clothing created from the fabric. Clothing made from it is usually worn in cold weather climates due to the warmness that the fabric is known for.

For much of its history, flannel was commonly thought to be the fabric of woodsmen, lumberjacks, and farmers. However, due to the fact that many people in the Pacific Northwest of the United States (especially in Seattle, Washington) have had a tendency to wear it, flannel has become associated with grunge music. This idea was even further popularized by the fact that many grunge musicians (such as members of Nirvana) often wore clothing made from it. For a short time in the early 1990s flannel was thought by some to be a fashion statement (or in some cases an anti-fashion statement).

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Two Or More Layers Of Fabric Which Have Been Stitched Through, Often With Batting . The Stitching Forms A Pattern, Most Commonly A Square Or Diamond Shape. Used For Apparel, Bedspreads, Sleeping...
Short fibers, typically ranging from 1/2 inch up to 18 inches long. Wool, cotton, and flax exist only as staple fibers. Manufactured staple fibers are cut to a specific length from the continuous...
A nonwoven fabric in which the fibres are held together by a bonding material. This may be an adhesive or a bonding fibre with a low melting point. Alternatively, the material may be held together by...
Garters are items of clothing worn around the thighs. They are normally just a few inches in width. They often contain small bells and/or ribbons. In the 19th and 20th centuries, they were used to...
Fustian is a term for a variety of heavy twilled woven cotton fabrics, chiefly prepared for menswear. Usually dyed in a dark shade. Declined in popularity from 1813, being replaced by harder wearing...

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