What is "Crenoline" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 22-Apr-2023 (1 year, 1 month, 22 days ago)
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Crenoline: The Fabric That Adds Volume and Drama to Fashion

The Fascinating World of Crenoline in Textile

The term "Crenoline" refers to a unique type of fabric commonly used in the textile industry. This article provides a comprehensive understanding of crenoline, including its history, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers.

History and Origin

Crenoline fabric has a rich history dating back to the mid-19th century. It originated as a stiffened fabric used to create volume and structure in women's garments, particularly in petticoats, crinolines, and underskirts. The name "crenoline" is derived from the French word "crin," meaning horsehair, which was originally used to stiffen the fabric.

Types of Crenoline

Crenoline fabric is available in various types, each offering unique characteristics and applications:

  1. Traditional Crenoline: This type of crenoline is typically made from a blend of cotton and polyester fibers. It has a crisp texture and provides excellent stiffness and body to garments, making it ideal for creating voluminous skirts and dresses.
  2. Soft Crenoline: Soft crenoline is a modern variation that maintains the lightweight and flexible properties of traditional crenoline while offering enhanced comfort. It is often used as an underlayer for bridal gowns and eveningwear to provide gentle support and shape.
  3. Patterned Crenoline: Patterned crenoline features intricate designs or motifs woven into the fabric. This type of crenoline adds visual interest and texture to garments, making it a popular choice for fashion-forward creations.

Tips for Handling Crenoline

Handling crenoline fabric requires special care to maintain its structure and appearance:

  • Storage: Crenoline should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight to prevent discoloration or damage.
  • Ironing: When ironing crenoline, use a low heat setting and place a press cloth between the fabric and the iron to prevent scorching or melting.
  • Sewing Techniques: Use sharp sewing needles and select appropriate stitches to avoid snagging or damaging the fabric.
  • Cleaning: Always refer to the manufacturer's instructions for cleaning crenoline. In most cases, gentle hand washing or dry cleaning is recommended.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Several prominent international brands utilize crenoline fabric in their collections. Here are profiles of five top users and manufacturers:

  1. Christian Dior: Known for their exquisite couture designs, Christian Dior incorporates crenoline fabric to create dramatic silhouettes and voluminous skirts in their high-fashion garments.
  2. Vivienne Westwood: With a penchant for unconventional and avant-garde fashion, Vivienne Westwood incorporates crenoline fabric in her collections to add architectural structure and playful volume.
  3. Marchesa: The luxury brand Marchesa often features crenoline fabric in their romantic and ethereal designs, using it to create cascading layers and graceful movement.
  4. Elie Saab: Elie Saab incorporates crenoline fabric in his couture and ready-to-wear collections to enhance the elegance and sophistication of his designs, particularly in voluminous ballgowns and red-carpet creations.
  5. Alexander McQueen: Known for his bold and dramatic fashion statements, Alexander McQueen utilizes crenoline fabric to create breathtaking silhouettes and theatrical shapes in his runway collections.


Crenoline fabric has a captivating history and continues to be a versatile material in the textile industry. Its ability to provide structure, volume, and unique aesthetics makes it a favorite choice for renowned fashion houses and designers. Understanding the types and proper handling techniques of crenoline fabric allows fashion enthusiasts and professionals to unleash their creativity and create extraordinary garments that make a statement.

Fabric of stiffened silk or cotton, used as a foundation to support the edge of a hem, the top of a sleeve etc; formerly used for the lower two thirds of underskirts to extend them. examples
Stiff unpliable material used to support or stiffen dress, also given name of steel springs forming a type of cage or hoop used to extend skirt; sometimes used in entire petticoat.
Petticoats stiffened with horse-hair to enable the bell-like skirts of the early nineteenth century, that was eventually replaced with the bustle.

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