What is "Gaberdine" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 22-Apr-2024 ( ago)
Share on FacebookShare on Twitter

The Gaberdine Story of Elegance and Innovation

Gaberdine: A Textile Legacy that Defines Elegance and Durability

Gaberdine is not just a fabric; it is a testament to the textile industry's mastery over weaving science and art. Known for its diagonal weave, durability, and water-resistance, gaberdine transcends time, presenting itself as the fabric choice of adventurers, business professionals, and fashionistas alike.

History and Origin

The tale of gaberdine begins in the late 19th century, credited to Sir Thomas Burberry, the founder of the eponymous British fashion brand. Burberry was not just content with creating apparel; he aimed to innovate. In 1879, he crafted a unique fabric that was tightly woven, water-resistant, yet breathable. He christened it "gaberdine." This invention radically changed outerwear, offering protection from the elements without compromising on comfort or style.

Types of Gaberdine

  • Cotton Gaberdine: Made from cotton fibers, this variant is breathable and retains the classic gaberdine texture.
  • Wool Gaberdine: Constructed using wool, it offers more warmth, making it suitable for colder climates.
  • Polyester Gaberdine: Incorporating synthetic fibers, this type presents itself as an economical and wrinkle-resistant option.
  • Blend Gaberdine: Combining different fibers, blend gaberdine aims to offer the best of multiple materials, such as wool-cotton blends.

Tips for Handling Gaberdine

  • Always dry-clean wool gaberdine to maintain its structure and finish.
  • For cotton gaberdine, avoid over-washing to prevent wear.
  • Store gaberdine garments on padded hangers to retain their shape.
  • Steam, instead of ironing, to remove creases without causing shine or damage.

Profiles of Leading Manufacturers or Users

  • Burberry: The originator of gaberdine, Burberry stands as an emblem of British luxury fashion, with gaberdine trench coats being one of their signature offerings.
  • Brooks Brothers: An American institution, Brooks Brothers has a rich history of crafting exquisite suits, many from high-quality gaberdine.
  • Armani: The Italian luxury fashion house, under the guidance of Giorgio Armani, has frequently employed gaberdine in its haute couture collections.
  • Hugo Boss: This German fashion brand is renowned for its modern, tailored suits, with gaberdine often being the fabric of choice for its resilience and finish.
  • Ralph Lauren: Representing American luxury, Ralph Lauren's collections have showcased gaberdine, especially in premium outerwear.


  • Trench Coats: The most iconic application of gaberdine is the trench coat, renowned for its water-resistant qualities and classic design.
  • Suits: The fabric's smooth finish and durability make it a favored choice for business and formal wear.
  • Dresses: Gaberdine's draping and breathable qualities have made it a popular choice for crafting elegant dresses.
  • Pants: The fabric offers comfort without compromising on the crisp, tailored look that many seek in formal trousers.


The story of gaberdine is emblematic of the confluence of innovation, aesthetics, and functionality in the textile domain. Its emergence revolutionized outerwear, bringing forth a fabric that neither compromised style for protection nor vice versa. Over the decades, its application has expanded, embodying elegance in suits, dresses, and more. Gaberdine's sustained relevance in an ever-evolving fashion landscape is a testament to its intrinsic value. It's more than just a fabric; it's a piece of history, a signature of elegance, and a representation of textile mastery. As the world of fashion continues its relentless march forward, gaberdine, with its rich legacy, ensures its spot in the pantheon of timeless textiles.

A firmly woven, warp-faced twill cloth.
Gabardine is a tough, tightly woven fabric used to make suits, overcoats and trousers, or a garment made from the material. The fibre used to make the fabric is traditionally worsted (a woolen yarn), but may also be cotton, synthetic or mixed. The fabric is smooth on one side and has a diagonally ribbed surface on the other.
These weaves give the characteristic single-diagonal lines noted on the face of the cloth. There are twice as many threads per inch in the warp than there are in the weft. Because of the twist in the yarn and texture, the cloth wears very well and outlasts similar materials used for the same purpose.
A Tightly Woven Durable Twill, Usually 2x2 Right Handed, With A Distinct Twill Line. Common Used In Men's And Women's Trousers, Rainwear And A Variety Of Other Uses.
Fabric made of cotton, wool or rayon similar to a heavy and compact serge. Widely used in the manufacturing of sportswear, trousers, uniforms and raincoats.
Worsted fabric with pronounced twill face.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Marled 35
yarns made up of 2 different colors, produced by combining fiber strands (rovings) of 2 different colors, or twisting together 2 yarns of different colors, or by cross dyeing plied yarns of 2...
Kerseymere is a type of textile fabric that is known for its softness, warmth, and durability. It is a dense, twilled fabric that is made from high-quality wool fibers, and is typically used in the...
Fixing 49
Fixing is the term described for the various ways of getting dyes stuck onto or into fibres. Fixing is part of the dyeing process and differs from after-fixing which is generally used to describe a...
Briefs 116
Briefs are a type of men's underwear. It is Y-shaped and preferred for athletic activities. Briefs were first sold on 19 January 1935 by Coopers, Inc., in Chicago, Illinois. They dubbed the new...
Harness 582
In the context of textiles, a harness refers to a component or structure used in weaving machines to control the movement of warp yarns during the weaving process. It plays a crucial role in the...

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Companies for Gaberdine:

If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Gaberdine, please fill your company details below so that we can list your company for FREE! Send us the following details:
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Attach a logo, if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

(s) 2024 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap