What is "Loom state" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 17-Apr-2023 (1 year, 1 month, 12 days ago)
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Loom state

Loom state is a term commonly used in the textile industry to describe the condition of a fabric immediately after it is woven on a loom but before any finishing processes have been applied. It refers to the raw or unfinished state of the fabric, typically characterized by certain properties and characteristics resulting from the weaving process.

When fabric is in the loom state, it undergoes minimal processing and is typically not subjected to treatments such as bleaching, dyeing, or chemical finishes. It represents the fabric in its purest form as it comes directly from the loom, with the inherent qualities and characteristics of the fibers and the weaving technique used.

Characteristics and Properties

Fabrics in the loom state possess several notable characteristics and properties:

  1. Stiffness and Rough Texture: Loom state fabrics tend to be stiff and have a rough texture due to the tight interlacing of yarns during the weaving process. They lack the softness and smoothness typically associated with finished fabrics.
  2. High Shrinkage Potential: Fabrics in the loom state have a higher potential for shrinkage since the yarns may still contain residual tension from the weaving process. This shrinkage can be minimized through appropriate finishing processes.
  3. Greater Absorbency: Due to the lack of any surface treatments or finishes, loom state fabrics often exhibit higher absorbency, making them suitable for applications where moisture-wicking or absorption is desired.
  4. Minimal Color Uniformity: Loom state fabrics may display slight color variations or inconsistencies due to variations in the yarns or the weaving process. This can be resolved through subsequent dyeing or printing processes.
  5. Strength and Durability: Despite their stiffness, loom state fabrics are generally strong and durable, as the weaving process ensures tight interlacing of the yarns, providing structural integrity.

Types of Loom State Fabrics

There are various types of loom state fabrics, each with its specific characteristics and applications:

  1. Cotton Loom State: Cotton fabrics in the loom state are commonly used in industries such as home textiles and apparel. They offer natural breathability, absorbency, and durability.
  2. Wool Loom State: Wool fabrics in the loom state retain the natural warmth and insulation properties of wool fibers. They are commonly used in outerwear and winter garments.
  3. Silk Loom State: Silk fabrics in the loom state display the natural luster and smoothness of silk fibers. They are often used in luxury apparel and high-end fashion.
  4. Linen Loom State: Linen fabrics in the loom state exhibit the characteristic strength and coolness of linen fibers. They are popular for making garments and home textiles.
  5. Synthetic Loom State: Fabrics made from synthetic fibers, such as polyester or nylon, can also be in the loom state. They offer specific properties like strength, wrinkle resistance, and moisture-wicking.

Tips for Handling Loom State Fabrics

When working with loom state fabrics, it is important to keep the following tips in mind:

  1. Pre-Washing: Before using loom state fabrics, it is advisable to pre-wash them to remove any residual sizing or dirt and to minimize potential shrinkage.
  2. Handling with Care: Loom state fabrics may be more delicate and prone to fraying or snagging due to their rough texture. Handle them with care to avoid damage during cutting or sewing.
  3. Proper Finishing: To enhance the properties and aesthetics of loom state fabrics, they often require appropriate finishing processes such as bleaching, dyeing, or application of chemical finishes.
  4. Testing and Sampling: Due to the variability in loom state fabrics, it is recommended to conduct testing and sampling before bulk production to ensure desired results in terms of color, texture, and performance.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Several renowned international brands incorporate loom state fabrics into their product lines. Here are some notable users and manufacturers:

  1. Patagonia: Patagonia, a well-known outdoor clothing brand, often uses loom state fabrics in their eco-friendly and sustainable apparel collections, emphasizing durability and performance.
  2. IKEA: IKEA, a global leader in home furnishings, utilizes loom state fabrics for various upholstery and textile products, combining natural aesthetics with affordability.
  3. Herms: Herms, a luxury fashion brand, incorporates loom state silk fabrics in their iconic scarves and other silk accessories, showcasing the natural beauty and craftsmanship of the fabric.
  4. Pendleton: Pendleton, a renowned woolen mill, produces loom state wool fabrics that are used in their heritage-inspired blankets, apparel, and home textiles.
  5. Eileen Fisher: Eileen Fisher, a sustainable fashion brand, utilizes loom state linen fabrics in their collections, emphasizing the fabric's natural texture and breathability.
  6. Patra: Patra, a silk clothing specialist, incorporates loom state silk fabrics in their luxurious silk garments, highlighting the fabric's elegance and natural sheen.

These are just a few examples of international users and manufacturers of loom state fabrics, highlighting its versatility and use across various industries.


Loom state fabrics represent the raw and unfinished state of fabric immediately after weaving, possessing distinct characteristics and properties. These fabrics offer stiffness, durability, and higher absorbency, while also requiring appropriate finishing processes to enhance their aesthetics and performance. With a wide range of applications and various types available, loom state fabrics are utilized by notable international brands in industries such as fashion, home textiles, and outdoor gear. Understanding the unique qualities of loom state fabrics and employing proper handling techniques contribute to successful utilization and transformation of these textiles into finished products.

Loom state
Goods as they come off the loom before converting or finishing. Also called gray or griege.

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