TextileGlossary.com

What is "Gauge" - Definition & Explanation

Measure of the diameter of metal wire or thickness of sheet metal. The higher the number, the thinner the piece.
Generic name for a measuring device, for example, pressure gauge, depth gauge.
The number of needles per unit length (usually 1 inch) along a needle bed or needle bar or flat knitting machine. For circular knitting machines, the unit length is the circumference of the needle cylinder.
A measurement most commonly associated with knitting equipment. It can mean the number of needles per inch in a knitting machine. However, in full fashioned hosiery and sweater machines, the number of needles per 1-1/2 inches represents the gauge.
A gauge is a set number of rows per inch (in knitting) or the thread-count of a woven fabric that helps the knitter determine whether they have the right size knitting needles or a weaver if the cloth is tight enough.
A measurement used in knitted garments that reflects the size of the needles used to knit the garment. The larger the gauge, the smaller the needle-therefore, the finer the knit.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

(hopsacking) a rough-surfaced loosely woven clothing fabric. cotton, wool, linen, rayon, silk, hemp, jute. Basket weave. Made with coarse yarn. Has a rather rough texture and quite durable. Often...
1. A lightweight silk, cotton or man-made fiber dress fabric that is soft and drapes well. It is smooth, ahs a semi-lustrous satin face and dull back. Hard twist yarn is used for the warp with a...
(Two-piece) - When two identical pieces of fabric are placed back-to-back at the top of a pant, raw edges turned inside, and joined with two widely spaced rows of stitching. the pant body is inserted...
A linen woven with even threads that are especially good for embroidery. It is very easy to 'draw' the yarns for drawn thread work. Comes bleached, or colored. Has a soft finish. Has been use for...
The physical parts of the zipper are: scoop teeth, chain, lock, pull tape, and slider. Zippers used in industrial clothing are metal or brass. Plastic zippers are used typical apparel garments....

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