TextileGlossary.com

What is "Gauge" - Definition & Explanation

Measure of the diameter of metal wire or thickness of sheet metal. The higher the number, the thinner the piece.
Generic name for a measuring device, for example, pressure gauge, depth gauge.
The number of needles per unit length (usually 1 inch) along a needle bed or needle bar or flat knitting machine. For circular knitting machines, the unit length is the circumference of the needle cylinder.
A measurement most commonly associated with knitting equipment. It can mean the number of needles per inch in a knitting machine. However, in full fashioned hosiery and sweater machines, the number of needles per 1-1/2 inches represents the gauge.
A gauge is a set number of rows per inch (in knitting) or the thread-count of a woven fabric that helps the knitter determine whether they have the right size knitting needles or a weaver if the cloth is tight enough.
A measurement used in knitted garments that reflects the size of the needles used to knit the garment. The larger the gauge, the smaller the needle-therefore, the finer the knit.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A textile fabric made from an elastomer either alone or in combination with other textile materials. At room temperature an elastic fabric will stretch under tension and will return quickly and...
A number, derived from the number of warp (or weft) threads per unit length and the linear density of the yarns, that indicates the extent to which the area of a woven fabric is covered by the warp...
A decorative weave, characterized by small figures, usually geometric, that are woven into the fabric structure. Dobbies may be of any weight or compactness, with yarns ranging from very fine to...
Textile Fiber Products Identification Act (USA) Law governing labeling and classification of fibers used in fabrics. Among the components: * Natural fibers must be called by their common, known,...
Needlepoint is a form of canvas work created on a mesh canvas. The stitching threads used may be wool, silk, or rarely cotton. Stitches may be plain, covering just one mesh intersection with a single...

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