TextileGlossary.com

What is "Gauge" - Definition & Explanation

Measure of the diameter of metal wire or thickness of sheet metal. The higher the number, the thinner the piece.
Generic name for a measuring device, for example, pressure gauge, depth gauge.
The number of needles per unit length (usually 1 inch) along a needle bed or needle bar or flat knitting machine. For circular knitting machines, the unit length is the circumference of the needle cylinder.
A measurement most commonly associated with knitting equipment. It can mean the number of needles per inch in a knitting machine. However, in full fashioned hosiery and sweater machines, the number of needles per 1-1/2 inches represents the gauge.
A gauge is a set number of rows per inch (in knitting) or the thread-count of a woven fabric that helps the knitter determine whether they have the right size knitting needles or a weaver if the cloth is tight enough.
A measurement used in knitted garments that reflects the size of the needles used to knit the garment. The larger the gauge, the smaller the needle-therefore, the finer the knit.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Extruded yarn that has been subjected to a stretching or drawing process which orientates the long-chain molecules of which the yarn is composed, in the direction of the filament axis. NOTE: On...
The longitudinal edges of a fabric that are formed during weaving with the weft not only turning at the edges but also passing continuously across the width of the fabric from edge. NOTE: Selvedges...
A coarse fiber extracted from the fibrous outer shell of a coconut. Brown coir is harvested from fully ripened coconuts. It is thick, strong and has high abrasion resistance; it is typically used in...
A Print Design Characterized By White Or Brightly Colored Motifs On A Dark Or Bright Ground, Most Often Red Or Navy. Done By Discharge Or Resist Printing But Originally Done In India By Tie Dyeing....
A fabric of worsted, wool, rayon, or blends with synthetics. It has a double twill rib on the face of the cloth with a very clear finish. It drapes well, and tailors easily and is medium in weight....

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