In textile terminology, "matte" refers to a finish or appearance characterized by a non-shiny, flat, or dull surface. It is a desirable quality for certain fabrics and materials, as it can create a sophisticated, understated, and muted aesthetic. The term "matte" is derived from the French word "mat," which means "dull" or "muted."
When a fabric is described as having a matte finish, it means that it lacks a reflective or glossy appearance. This effect is achieved through various means during the manufacturing process. For example, the fabric may be treated with special finishes or dyes that reduce its natural luster. Additionally, different fibers, yarns, or fabric weaves can contribute to creating a matte appearance.
Matte finishes are often favored in fashion and home textiles for their versatility and ability to create a subtle and elegant look. They are commonly used in apparel, such as dresses, blouses, and suits, as well as in accessories like handbags and shoes. Matte fabrics are also popular in home decor items, including curtains, upholstery, and bedding.
Several materials and fabric types can achieve a matte finish. Here are some examples:
Cotton: Cotton fabrics can be treated with specific dyes or finishes to create a matte appearance. It is a widely used fabric for achieving a matte finish due to its natural breathability and comfort.
Linen: Linen, a fabric made from flax fibers, often possesses a naturally matte appearance. Its textured weave and natural fiber properties contribute to its understated, rustic, and matte look.
Silk: While silk is known for its natural luster, matte silk can be achieved through specific weaves or post-treatment processes. Matte silk fabrics offer a more subdued and sophisticated appearance compared to their shiny counterparts.
Wool: Wool fabrics, especially those with a dense weave or certain finishes, can have a matte finish. These fabrics provide warmth and a luxurious matte texture, making them suitable for outerwear and winter garments.
Synthetic fibers: Fabrics made from synthetic fibers like polyester, nylon, or rayon can also be engineered to have a matte appearance. These materials offer durability, wrinkle resistance, and the ability to hold dyes well.
Top users and manufacturers of matte textiles include high-end fashion brands, luxury designers, and manufacturers specializing in high-quality fabrics. These companies often prioritize the use of matte finishes to create timeless and elegant garments. Examples of such brands include Armani, Stella McCartney, Jil Sander, and Theory.
Fabric mills and manufacturers known for producing matte textiles include esteemed companies like Albini Group, renowned for its matte cotton shirting fabrics, and Ratti, which offers matte silk fabrics with exquisite prints. Additionally, textile companies like Maharam and Kvadrat specialize in producing matte upholstery fabrics for furniture and interior design applications.
In conclusion, the term "matte" in textile refers to a non-shiny, flat, and dull surface finish that creates a refined and sophisticated look. It can be achieved through various treatments, weaves, or the selection of specific fibers. Matte fabrics are highly valued in fashion and home textiles, and they are favored by luxury brands and manufacturers seeking to create understated elegance and timeless designs.
A dull or rough surface, lacking gloss or luster, such that more light is reflected to the eye and colors appear less dense.
Lacks luster or gloss and has a usually smooth even surface free from shine or highlights.