What is "Merino" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 21-Jan-2023 (8 months, 11 days ago)
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Unveiling Merino Wool: Origins, Types, Handling, and Global Players

The Marvel of Merino Wool: A Comprehensive Exploration

Discover the Origins, Types, Handling Tips, and Leading Players in the World of Merino

Merino, a renowned type of wool cherished for its exceptional qualities, has captivated the textile industry and consumers alike. This article delves into the fascinating world of Merino, exploring its history, various types, tips for handling, and profiling top international users and manufacturers. Join us on this journey to unravel the marvels of Merino wool.

A Brief History and Origin

The story of Merino wool begins centuries ago, originating in Spain with the breed of sheep known as Merino. These sheep were highly valued for their wool, which possessed unique properties like softness, fineness, and thermal regulation. The selective breeding and careful husbandry practices employed by Spanish sheep farmers honed the characteristics of Merino wool, making it an unparalleled textile material.

Types of Merino Wool

Merino wool is available in various forms, each offering distinct features and applications:

  1. Fine Merino Wool: This category encompasses the finest and softest Merino fibers, typically measuring less than 18.5 microns in diameter. The exquisite softness of fine Merino wool makes it ideal for luxury garments and accessories.
  2. Medium Merino Wool: With a fiber diameter ranging from 18.5 to 20 microns, medium Merino wool strikes a balance between softness and durability. It finds applications in a wide range of apparel, including sweaters, socks, and base layers.
  3. Strong Merino Wool: Strong Merino wool, also known as "Merino Cross," possesses a fiber diameter between 20 and 24 microns. It offers enhanced durability and is commonly used in outerwear, blankets, and upholstery.

Tips for Handling Merino Wool

To maximize the longevity and performance of Merino wool garments, consider the following tips:

  • Gentle Washing: Hand washing or using a gentle cycle on your washing machine helps prevent excessive agitation and fiber damage.
  • Use Mild Detergent: Opt for a mild, wool-specific detergent to ensure the fabric's integrity while removing dirt and stains.
  • Avoid Heat: Merino wool is sensitive to high temperatures, so avoid hot water, hot dryers, and direct heat sources when caring for your garments.
  • Proper Storage: When not in use, store Merino wool items in a clean, dry place, preferably folded rather than hanging, to maintain their shape.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Merino wool has garnered immense popularity worldwide, and several prominent users and manufacturers contribute to its global presence:

  1. Pendleton Woolen Mills: Pendleton, an American heritage brand, has been crafting premium woolen products since 1863. They utilize Merino wool to create luxurious blankets, clothing, and accessories.
  2. Ibex Outdoor Clothing: Ibex specializes in creating high-performance outdoor apparel using Merino wool. Their innovative designs and commitment to sustainability have earned them a loyal customer base.
  3. Icebreaker: Hailing from New Zealand, Icebreaker is renowned for its use of ethically sourced Merino wool in creating functional and stylish outdoor garments, catering to adventurers worldwide.
  4. Smartwool: Smartwool, a leading manufacturer in the performance apparel market, utilizes Merino wool to create innovative socks, base layers, and outdoor gear, providing exceptional comfort and performance.
  5. Devold: Devold, a Norwegian company with a rich heritage dating back to 1853, is dedicated to producing high-quality Merino wool clothing, embracing the natural benefits of this remarkable fiber.


Merino wool, originating from the Spanish Merino sheep, has become synonymous with luxury, comfort, and performance in the textile industry. With its rich history, diverse types, and practical handling tips, Merino wool continues to capture the attention of designers, outdoor enthusiasts, and fashion-forward individuals worldwide. Explore the wonders of Merino wool and experience the unparalleled charm and functionality it brings to modern textiles.

A type of wool that originates from pure-bred Merino sheep. The best Merino wool comes from Italy. The highest, finest and best wool obtained anywhere in the world. This fiber is used only in the best of woolen and worsted fabrics, billiard cloth, etc.

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